ERIC Number: EJ1211873
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Early Adolescents' Adjustment at School: A Fresh Look at Grade and Gender Differences
Brass, Nicole; McKellar, Sarah E.; North, Elizabeth A.; Ryan, Allison M.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v39 n5 p689-716 May 2019
This study examined group differences by grade (fifth graders in elementary school and sixth graders in middle school) and gender in academic (behavioral and emotional engagement, academic self-concept, and worry) and socio-emotional adjustment (self-esteem, social satisfaction, social self-concept, and worry). Self-report data were collected from 1,003 students in the fall and spring of the school year (51.2% female, 36.7% Black, 47.2% White, 7.5% Hispanic, 5.7% Asian, 3% Other). Grade differences were null or favored fifth graders for academic adjustment. Grade differences were null or favored sixth graders for socio-emotional adjustment. Gender differences were null or favored girls for academic and socio-emotional adjustment; however, girls reported more worry in both domains. Change over time generally disfavored girls leading to the emergence of, or increases in, gender gaps by spring. The discussion considers early adolescent development and the need for continued attention to middle school reform regarding academic adjustment and gender differences.
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Grade 5, Grade 6, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Gender Differences, Instructional Program Divisions, Age Differences, Student Behavior, Self Concept, Psychological Patterns, Student Adjustment, Self Esteem, Interpersonal Competence, Adolescent Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Grade 6; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A