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Pitzer, Jennifer; Skinner, Ellen – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
Students perform better in school to the extent they are able to engage fully, cope adaptively, and bounce back from obstacles and setbacks in their academic work. These three processes, which studies suggest are positively inter-connected, may comprise a self-sustaining system that enables "motivational resilience." Using…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Change, Student Motivation, Resilience (Psychology)
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Kiuru, Noona; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Leskinen, Esko; Torppa, Minna; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Niemi, Pekka – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
This study examined the longitudinal associations between children's academic skills and the instructional support teachers gave individual students. A total of 253 Finnish children were tested on reading and math skills twice in the first grade and once in the second grade. The teachers of these children rated the instructional support that they…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary School Students, Reading Tests
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Georgiou, George K.; Manolitsis, George; Zhang, Xiao; Parrila, Rauno; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2013
We examined the developmental dynamics between task-avoidant behavior and different literacy outcomes, and possible precursors of task-avoidant behavior. Seventy Greek children were followed from Grade 4 until Grade 6 and were assessed every year on reading fluency, spelling, and reading comprehension. The teachers assessed the children's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5