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Howard, Steven J.; Woodcock, Stuart; Ehrich, John; Bokosmaty, Sahar – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: A fundamental aim of standardized educational assessment is to achieve reliable discrimination between students differing in the knowledge, skills and abilities assessed. However, questions of the purity with which these tests index students' genuine abilities have arisen. Specifically, literacy and numeracy assessments may also engage…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Literacy, Numeracy, Student Evaluation
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Thorsen, Cecilia; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Cliffordson, Christina – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: Cattell's "Gf-Gc" distinction is quite generally recognized. However, the developmental part of the "Gf-Gc" theory of intelligence has not gained the same recognition. Results are inconsistent, but recent discussions emphasize the importance of homogeneity of samples with regard to education and language when…
Descriptors: Path Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Intelligence, Skill Development
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Runions, Kevin C. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: The role of reactive aggression in the development of peer victimization remains unclear due in part to a failure to account for confounding problems of behavioural undercontrol (e.g., hyperactivity). As well, the school social context has rarely been examined to see whether these risks are mediated by relationships with teachers.…
Descriptors: Aggression, Victims, Behavior Problems, Path Analysis
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Passolunghi, Maria Chiara; Lanfranchi, Silvia – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
Background: Many contributing factors, both domain specific and domain general, influence children's performance in school achievement. Aims: This research aims to verify the importance of kindergarten measures of cognitive abilities and numerical competence in the role of predicting mathematical school achievement at the end of first grade.…
Descriptors: Phonology, Academic Achievement, Intelligence Quotient, Short Term Memory
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Hofer, Manfred; Schmid, Sebastian; Fries, Stefan; Kilian, Britta; Kuhnle, Claudia – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2010
Background: Motivational interference is defined as the amount of impairment in a target activity due to the incentives of a non-chosen attractive alternative. The amount to which pupils experience motivational interference while studying or while performing a leisure activity in a school-leisure conflict situation is seen as depending on the…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Measures (Individuals), Path Analysis, Values