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Howard, Steven J.; Woodcock, Stuart; Ehrich, John; Bokosmaty, Sahar – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: A fundamental aim of standardized educational assessment is to achieve reliable discrimination between students differing in the knowledge, skills and abilities assessed. However, questions of the purity with which these tests index students' genuine abilities have arisen. Specifically, literacy and numeracy assessments may also engage…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Literacy, Numeracy, Student Evaluation
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Rodgers, Rachel F.; McLean, Siân A.; Paxton, Susan J. – Developmental Psychology, 2015
Sociocultural theory of body dissatisfaction posits that internalization of the media ideal and appearance comparison are predictors of body dissatisfaction, a key risk factor for eating disorders. However, no data exist regarding the longitudinal relationships between these variables. The aim of this study was to explore longitudinal…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Mass Media Effects, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 7
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Wilkins, Bronwyn; Boman, Peter; Mergler, Amanda – Cogent Education, 2015
A sizeable body of research has investigated the impact of specific character strengths or traits on significant outcomes. Some recent research is beginning to consider the effects of groups of strengths, combined as a higher order variable and termed covitality. This study investigated the combined influence of four positive character traits,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Student Characteristics, Personality Traits
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Runions, Kevin C. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: The role of reactive aggression in the development of peer victimization remains unclear due in part to a failure to account for confounding problems of behavioural undercontrol (e.g., hyperactivity). As well, the school social context has rarely been examined to see whether these risks are mediated by relationships with teachers.…
Descriptors: Aggression, Victims, Behavior Problems, Path Analysis
Martin, Michael O., Ed.; Mullis, Ina V. S., Ed. – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2013
TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) is an international assessment of mathematics and science at the fourth and eighth grades that has been conducted every four years since 1995, with the most recent assessment in 2011. PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) is an international assessment of reading…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Grade 4
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Van Deur, Penny – Gifted and Talented International, 2008
This paper reports on an assessment of knowledge of SDL in primary (elementary) South Australian school students, fifty-six of whom were assessed to be high reasoning. The goals of the study were to identify the effectiveness of teaching and assessing knowledge of Self-Directed Learning (SDL) in high reasoning students, investigate whether there…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Class Activities, Learning Activities, Path Analysis
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Sonderegger, Robi; Barrett, Paula M.; Creed, Peter A. – Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2004
Building on previous cultural adjustment profile work by Sonderegger and Barrett (2004), the aim of this study was to propose an organised structure for a number of single risk factors that have been linked to acculturative-stress in young migrants. In recognising that divergent situational characteristics (e.g., school level, gender, residential…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Risk, Foreign Countries, Refugees