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Levesque, Kyle C.; Kieffer, Michael J.; Deacon, S. Hélène – Reading Research Quarterly, 2019
Skilled reading comprehension is an important goal of educational instruction and models of reading development. In this study, the authors investigated how core skills surrounding morphemes, that is, the minimal units of meaning in language, support the development of reading comprehension. The authors specifically contrast the roles of…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Path Analysis, Grade 3
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Zhang, Dongbo; Koda, Keiko; Leong, Che Kan; Pang, Elizabeth – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: While much is known about how morphological awareness (MA) contributes to reading development, little attention has been paid to how reading may conversely affect MA development, particularly in readers of Chinese in a bilingual/multilingual setting. Methods: The study adopted a cross-lagged panel design. Young bilingual readers of…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Reading Processes, Chinese, Morphology (Languages)
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Boerma, Inouk E.; Mol, Suzanne E.; Jolles, Jelle – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Children with a rich home literacy environment generally show better reading comprehension. For children in the higher grades of primary school, this relation is thought to be indirect. We propose a model in which this relation ran via children's higher order language and cognitive skills (i.e., expressive verbal ability and mentalizing ability)…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, Family Environment, Expressive Language, Verbal Ability
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Drijbooms, Elise; Groen, Margriet A.; Verhoeven, Ludo – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of transcription skills, oral language skills, and executive functions to growth in narrative writing between fourth and sixth grade. While text length and story content of narratives did not increase with age, syntactic complexity of narratives showed a clear developmental progression. Results…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Predictor Variables, Syntax, Difficulty Level
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White, Elizabeth S.; Mistry, Rashmita S. – Applied Developmental Science, 2016
We examined civic engagement in middle childhood and the degree to which parents' civic beliefs (i.e., social trust and civic efficacy), civic participation, and socialization practices were associated with indicators of children's civic engagement (i.e., social responsibility and civic values). Survey data were collected from 359 racially,…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Beliefs, Citizen Participation, Socialization
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Fite, Paula J.; Gabrielli, Joy; Cooley, John L.; Rubens, Sonia L.; Pederson, Casey A.; Vernberg, Eric M. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2016
This study examined associations between physical and relational forms of aggression and victimization and risk for willingness to engage in substance use and actual use in a sample of 231 (50% male) second- through fourth-grade students (mean age = 8.3 years). Physical aggression was more strongly associated with risk for substance use outcomes…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Victims, Risk
Liu, I-Fang; Ko, Hwa-Wei – International Association for Development of the Information Society, 2016
Perspectives from reading and information fields have identified similar skills belong to two different kind of literacy being online reading abilities and ICT skills. It causes a conflict between two research fields and increase difficult of integrating study results. The purpose of this study was to determine which views are suitable for…
Descriptors: Information Technology, Information Literacy, Computer Literacy, Reading Skills
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Pitzer, Jennifer; Skinner, Ellen – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
Students perform better in school to the extent they are able to engage fully, cope adaptively, and bounce back from obstacles and setbacks in their academic work. These three processes, which studies suggest are positively inter-connected, may comprise a self-sustaining system that enables "motivational resilience." Using…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Change, Student Motivation, Resilience (Psychology)
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne – Educational Psychology, 2015
This study investigated to what extent primary school teachers' perceptions of their students' ability and effort predict developmental changes in children's self-concepts of ability in math and reading after controlling for students' academic performance and general intelligence. Three cohorts (N?=?849) of elementary school children and their…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Reading Ability
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Namkung, Jessica M.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive predictors of calculations and number line estimation with whole numbers and fractions. At-risk 4th-grade students (N = 139) were assessed on 6 domain-general abilities (i.e., working memory, processing speed, concept formation, language, attentive behavior, and nonverbal reasoning) and…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Numbers, Mathematics, Grade 4
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Flynn, Megan; Rudolph, Karen D. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
This study examined the proposal that difficulty understanding one's emotional experiences (i.e., deficits in emotional clarity) would interfere with the formulation of adaptive responses to interpersonal stress, which would then predict depressive symptoms. This process was examined across 3 years (fourth to sixth grade) during early…
Descriptors: Emotional Experience, Depression (Psychology), Developmental Stages, Adolescents
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Rudolph, Karen D.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Agoston, Anna M.; Sugimura, Niwako; Schwartz, David; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Bates, John E. – Child Development, 2014
Two prospective studies examined a theoretical model wherein exposure to victimization, resulting from early behavioral risk, heightens children's social alienation and subsequent deviant peer affiliation (DPA). Across Study 1 (298 girls, 287 boys; K-7th grade; 5-12 years) and Study 2 (338 girls, 298 boys; 2nd-6th grade; 8-12 years),…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Victims, Bullying, At Risk Persons
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael J.; Laroche, Annie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
We examined the role of a hypothesized factor in reading comprehension: morphological awareness, or the awareness of and ability to manipulate the smallest meaningful units or morphemes. In this longitudinal study, we measured English-speaking children's morphological awareness, word reading skills, and reading comprehension at Grades 3 and 4, in…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Phonological Awareness, Longitudinal Studies
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Neitzel, Carin; Davis, Dennis – Journal of Research in Education, 2014
Ninety-three fourth and fifth-grade students were observed once weekly for one semester during reading and writing instruction. A structured observational protocol was used to record information about instruction and feedback provided to these students by their teachers, as well as the students' participation, regulation, and self-instruction…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Adjustment, Help Seeking, Grade 4
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