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Levesque, Kyle C.; Kieffer, Michael J.; Deacon, S. Hélène – Reading Research Quarterly, 2019
Skilled reading comprehension is an important goal of educational instruction and models of reading development. In this study, the authors investigated how core skills surrounding morphemes, that is, the minimal units of meaning in language, support the development of reading comprehension. The authors specifically contrast the roles of…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Path Analysis, Grade 3
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Zhang, Dongbo; Koda, Keiko; Leong, Che Kan; Pang, Elizabeth – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: While much is known about how morphological awareness (MA) contributes to reading development, little attention has been paid to how reading may conversely affect MA development, particularly in readers of Chinese in a bilingual/multilingual setting. Methods: The study adopted a cross-lagged panel design. Young bilingual readers of…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Reading Processes, Chinese, Morphology (Languages)
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Lin, Candise Y.; Cheng, Chenxi; Wang, Min – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
The current study examined the contribution of cross-language phonological and morphological awareness to reading acquisition in bilingual children. Participants were 140 children (M[subscript age] = 8.26 years) between Grades 1-4 who learned Chinese as their first language and English as their second language. Awareness of phoneme, onset-rime,…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Morphology (Languages), Bilingualism, Reading
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Oslund, Eric L.; Clemens, Nathan H.; Simmons, Deborah C.; Simmons, Leslie E. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
The current study examined statistically significant differences between struggling and adequate readers using a multicomponent model of reading comprehension in 796 sixth through eighth graders, with a primary focus on word reading and vocabulary. Path analyses and Wald tests were used to investigate the direct and indirect relations of word…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Analysis
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Raudszus, Henriette; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
This study compared how lexical quality (vocabulary and decoding) and executive control (working memory and inhibition) predict reading comprehension directly as well as indirectly, via syntactic integration, in monolingual and bilingual fourth grade children. The participants were 76 monolingual and 102 bilingual children (mean age 10 years,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism, Prediction
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Parkin, Jason R. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Oral language and word reading skills have important effects on reading comprehension. The Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition (WIAT-III) measures both skill sets, but little is known about their specific effects on reading comprehension within this battery. Path analysis was used to evaluate the collective effects of reading and…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Oral Language, Reading Tests, Reading Fluency
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Völlinger, Vanessa A.; Spörer, Nadine; Lubbe, Dirk; Brunstein, Joachim C. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
This study examined a theoretical model hypothesizing that reading strategies mediate the effects of intrinsic reading motivation, reading fluency, and vocabulary knowledge on reading comprehension. Using path analytic methods, we tested the direct and indirect effects specified in the hypothesized model in a sample of 1105 fifth-graders. In…
Descriptors: Path Analysis, Reading Strategies, Mediation Theory, Models
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Georgiou, George K.; Das, J. P. – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine what components of executive function (EF)--inhibition, shifting and updating/working memory--predict reading comprehension in young adults. Ninety university students (65 females, 25 males; mean age = 21.82 years) were assessed on shifting (Planned Connections and Colour/Shape Shifting), inhibition…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Verbal Ability
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Paige, David D.; Smith, Grant S. – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
The simple view of reading hypothesises that reading comprehension is predicted by decoding and language abilities. In this study, 257 fifth-grade English-language learners (Ells) in south-central India were assessed on reading and language measures. Using a model of the simple view, we fit the data using path analysis to determine the extent to…
Descriptors: Indians, Reading Processes, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Spies, Tracy G.; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Tong, Fuhui; Irby, Beverly J.; Garza, Tiberio; Huerta, Margarita – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
In this longitudinal study, the cross-language transfer from second language (L2) to first language (L1) was examined among Spanish-speaking English-language learners in an English intervention (Grades 1-3) in the southwest United States. Path analysis revealed statistically significant transfers (ps < 0.05) for the treatment group from English…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Literacy, Longitudinal Studies, English Language Learners
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Sparks, Richard; Patton, Jon; Luebbers, Julie – Hispania, 2018
The Simple View of Reading (SVR) model posits that reading is the product of word decoding and language comprehension and that oral language (listening) comprehension is the best predictor of reading comprehension once word-decoding skill has been established. The SVR model also proposes that there are good readers and three types of poor…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Processes, Listening Comprehension, Oral Language
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Bae, Han Suk; Joshi, R. Malatesha – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
The purpose of the present study was to explore the role of morphological awareness in reading comprehension in different language learning contexts (ESL and EFL). Korean ESL and Korean EFL learners (50 and 257 respectively) in grades five and six were administered measures of L2 (English) morphological, phonological, and orthographic awareness…
Descriptors: Korean, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Fuchs, Douglas; Seethaler, Pamela M.; N. Martin, BrittanyLee – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
This study was designed to deepen insights on whether word-problem (WP) solving is a form of text comprehension (TC) and on the role of language in WPs. A sample of 325 second graders, representing high, average, and low reading and math performance, was assessed on (a) start-of-year TC, WP skill, language, nonlinguistic reasoning, working memory,…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Oral Language, Predictor Variables, Word Problems (Mathematics)