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Miklikowska, Marta – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although research has shown the effects of empathy manipulations on prejudice, little is known about the long-term relation between empathy and prejudice development, the direction of effects, and the relative effects of cognitive and affective aspects of empathy. Moreover, research has not examined within-person processes; hence, its practical…
Descriptors: Empathy, Social Bias, Racial Bias, Immigrants
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Murayama, Kou; Arens, A. Katrin; Parker, Philip D.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Our newly proposed integrated academic self-concept model integrates 3 major theories of academic self-concept formation and developmental perspectives into a unified conceptual and methodological framework. Relations among math self-concept (MSC), school grades, test scores, and school-level contextual effects over 6 years, from the end of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Yu, Jing; Cheah, Charissa S. L.; Hart, Craig H.; Yang, Chongming – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The goals of this study were to examine: (a) bidirectional associations between maternal parenting (physical punishment and guilt induction) and Chinese American preschool children's psychosocial adjustment and (b) the role of maternal cultural orientation and child temperament in moderating parenting effects. Participants were Chinese American…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Self Control, Mothers, Acculturation
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Strand, Paul S.; Downs, Andrew – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We investigated the role of sociocultural (between-groups) and individual (within-group) factors on the development of preschoolers' resource-allocation preferences. We tested claims of the "joint impact hypothesis" of social values development that social-emotional understanding skills would predict the transition from simpler…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Hispanic American Students, English, Spanish
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Browne, Dillon T.; Wade, Mark; Plamondon, Andre; Leckie, George; Perlman, Michal; Madigan, Sheri; Jenkins, Jennifer M. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The present study examined the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) and sibling differences in birth weight on sibling differences in the receipt of maternal sensitivity (i.e., differential parenting). It was hypothesized that sibling differences in birth weight would predict "absolute" differential parenting across the sibship (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Children, Context Effect, Siblings, Body Weight
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Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Sorhagen, Nicole S.; Gripshover, Sarah J.; Dweck, Carol S.; Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Levine, Susan C. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
In a previous study, parent-child praise was observed in natural interactions at home when children were 1, 2, and 3 years of age. Children who received a relatively high proportion of process praise (e.g., praise for effort and strategies) showed stronger incremental motivational frameworks, including a belief that intelligence can be developed…
Descriptors: Positive Reinforcement, Parents, Toddlers, Parent Child Relationship
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Perry, Nicole B.; Dollar, Jessica M.; Calkins, Susan D.; Keane, Susan P.; Shanahan, Lilly – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined longitudinal associations across an 8-year time span between overcontrolling parenting during toddlerhood, self-regulation during early childhood, and social, emotional, and academic adjustment in preadolescence (N = 422). Overcontrolling parenting, emotion regulation (ER), and inhibitory control (IC) were observed in the laboratory;…
Descriptors: Self Management, Child Rearing, Preadolescents, Student Adjustment