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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2017
Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Prior research shows that multiple representations can enhance learning, provided that students make connections among them. We hypothesized that support for connection making is most effective in enhancing learning of domain knowledge if it helps students both in making sense of these connections and in becoming perceptually fluent in making…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, Learning