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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Wood, Carla; Wofford, Mary Claire; Gabas, Clariebelle; Petscher, Yaacov – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2018
This study aimed to describe the narrative retell performance of dual language learners (DLLs) in the fall and spring of the school year and examine predictive relationships. Participants included 74 DLLs in kindergarten and first grade from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Microstructural measures included number of different words (NDW), words per…
Descriptors: Narration, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Bilingualism
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Ouellette, Gene; Sénéchal, Monique – Developmental Psychology, 2017
In this study we evaluated whether the sophistication of children's invented spellings in kindergarten was predictive of subsequent reading and spelling in Grade 1, while also considering the influence of well-known precursors. Children in their first year of schooling (mean age = 66 months; N = 171) were assessed on measures of oral vocabulary,…
Descriptors: Invented Spelling, Kindergarten, Predictor Variables, Reading Ability
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael J.; Laroche, Annie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
We examined the role of a hypothesized factor in reading comprehension: morphological awareness, or the awareness of and ability to manipulate the smallest meaningful units or morphemes. In this longitudinal study, we measured English-speaking children's morphological awareness, word reading skills, and reading comprehension at Grades 3 and 4, in…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Phonological Awareness, Longitudinal Studies
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Miller, Amanda C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Compton, Donald; Kearns, Devin; Zhang, Wenjuan; Yen, Loulee; Patton, Samuel; Kirchner, Danielle Peterson – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which teacher ratings of behavioral attention predicted responsiveness to word reading instruction in first-grade and third-grade reading comprehension performance. Participants were 110 first-grade students identified as at risk for reading difficulties who received 20 weeks of intensive…
Descriptors: Attention, Longitudinal Studies, Reading, Reading Comprehension
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Wang, Amber Y. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2015
This study's hypotheses were that (a) word-problem (WP) solving is a form of text comprehension that involves language comprehension processes, working memory, and reasoning, but (b) WP solving differs from other forms of text comprehension by requiring WP-specific language comprehension as well as general language comprehension. At the start of…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Reading Comprehension, Short Term Memory