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Deij, Arjen; Graham, Michael; Bjornavold, Jens; Grm, Slava Pevec; Villalba, Ernesto; Christensen, Hanne; Chakroun, Borhene; Daelman, Katrien; Carlsen, Arne; Singh, Madhu – UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning, 2015
The "Global Inventory of Regional and National Qualifications Frameworks," the result of collaborative work between the European Training Foundation (ETF), the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop), UNESCO [United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization] and UIL [UNESCO Institute for…
Descriptors: Qualifications, Global Approach, Regional Characteristics, National Standards
Bjornavold, Jens; Pevec-Grm, Slava; Graham, Michael; Deij, Arjen; Singh, Madhu; Charkoun, Borhène; Agrawal, Shivani – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013
This publication is a global, country-by-country, inventory of National Qualifications Frameworks (NQFs). It is a copublication, prepared by two EU agencies, the European Training Foundation (ETF) and the Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop); and UNESCO's Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) and the Section for TVET at…
Descriptors: Qualifications, National Standards, International Studies, Profiles
Bjornavold, Jens; Le Mouillour, Isabelle – European Journal of Vocational Training, 2009
Instruments and arrangements supporting transfer and accumulation of learning outcomes, such as validation and credit systems, form an important part of European and national lifelong learning strategies. Debate has largely focused on separate initiatives and failed to address how these may interact and could create synergies. A starting point for…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Lifelong Learning, Informal Education, Nonformal Education
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Bjornavold, Jens – Quality of Higher Education, 2009
This article addresses the gradual introduction of arrangements for validation of non-formal and informal learning in Europe. While the debate on how to identify, assess and recognise learning achievements acquired outside formal education and training institutions has been going on for several decades, we can now observe that these approaches are…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Foreign Countries, Nonformal Education, Educational Development
Bjornavold, Jens – 2000
Policies and practices in the areas of identification, assessment, and recognition of nonformal learning in the European Union (EU) were reviewed. The review focused on national and EU-level experiences regarding the following areas and issues: recognition of the contextual nature of learning; identification of methodological requirements for…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Advanced Placement
Bjornavold, Jens – Vocational Training: European Journal, 1997
The validity and reliability of methods for assessing nonformal learning are influenced by the type of knowledge being measured, which in turn influences assessment criteria. Satisfactory methods must consider the specific character of nonformal learning. (SK)
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Nonformal Education
Bjornavold, Jens – Vocational Training: European Journal, 1997
Methods for assessing nonformal learning must have a strong legal and legitimate basis. Institutional design and acceptance of value hinge on these methods. The strength of new assessment approaches will be defined by their ability to provide information. (SK)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Nonformal Education
Bjornavold, Jens – 1997
During the last 5-10 years, a number of countries have introduced methods and systems for identifying, validating, and recognizing prior and nonformal learning that can be viewed as tools for improving the transparency and transfer of skills. In most cases, they have been operational for a comparatively short time, which makes it difficult to…
Descriptors: Certification, Credits, Educational Experience, Employment Experience