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Maarschalk, Jan – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 1988
Identifies two stages in research on scientific literacy; a composite saturation stage in which definitions covered all objects of science education, and a stage when researchers focused on small manageable portions of scientific literacy. Describes formal, nonformal, and informal science teaching. (TW)
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Informal Education, Nonformal Education