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Gerst, Elyssa H.; Cirino, Paul T.; Macdonald, Kelly T.; Miciak, Jeremy; Yoshida, Hanako; Woods, Steven P.; Gibbs, M. Cullen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
The present study had two aims. First, we set out to evaluate the structure of processing speed in children by comparing five alternative models: two conceptual models (a unitary model, a complexity model) and three methodological models (a stimulus material model, an output response model, and a timing modality model). Second, we then used the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Reading Processes, Comparative Analysis, Predictor Variables
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Lam, Boji P. W.; Marquardt, Thomas P. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Emotional verbal fluency (Emo-VF) has the potential to expand neuropsychological assessment by providing information about affective memory retrieval. The usability of Emo-VF is limited, however, by significant variations in task administration and the lack of information about Emo-VF responses. This study investigated verbal productivity…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Verbal Ability, Emotional Response, Comparative Analysis
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Sauna-aho, Oili; Bjelogrlic-Laakso, Nina; Rautava, Päivi; Arvio, Maria – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability. The aim of our longitudinal study was to describe ageing-related cognitive changes in men with FXS. Method: A neuropsychologist determined the raw scores (RSs) of 19 men with FXS twice with the Leiter International Performance Scale at an average…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Schemata (Cognition), Males, Intellectual Disability
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Nukari, Johanna M.; Poutiainen, Erja T.; Arkkila, Eva P.; Haapanen, Marja-Leena; Lipsanen, Jari O.; Laasonen, Marja R. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2020
Effectiveness of individual and group-based neuropsychological interventions on cognitive aspects of dyslexia in young adults was evaluated. Dyslexic adults were randomly assigned into individual intervention (n = 40), group intervention (n = 40), or wait-list control group (n = 40). The interventions focused on cognitive strategy learning,…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Intervention, Young Adults, Cognitive Processes
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Gatica-Domínguez, Giovanna; Rothenberg, Stephen J.; Torres-Sánchez, Luisa; Schnaas, Lourdes; Stein, Aryeh D.; Schmidt, Rebecca J.; López-Carrillo, Lizbeth – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Prenatal folate and vitamin B[subscript 12] status have been linked to child neuropsychological development, but less is known about maternal genetic influences on this association. We conducted an exploratory longitudinal study of 181 mother--child pairs to assess whether maternal MTHFR 677C>T genotype modifies the association between maternal…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Child Development, Genetics, Mothers
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Acar, Aktan; Acar, A. Sebnem Soysal – International Journal of Art & Design Education, 2020
First-year architecture students are expected to utilise visuospatial abilities to generate/construct, retain, rotate and manipulate space mentally and physically through physical and digital representations. This study of 57 female and 23 male participants was conducted to investigate first-year architecture students' visuospatial abilities by…
Descriptors: Architectural Education, College Freshmen, Neuropsychology, Cognitive Processes
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Gutiérrez, Juan A. Ramos; Barroso, Carlos Valiente – Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 2020
Introduction: Baddeley's model of working memory establishes the basis for identifying components that intervene in immediate repetition verbal tasks. Based on this model, the overall aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between auditory sequential memory and verbal memory in students with intellectual disabilities and thereby…
Descriptors: Memory, Auditory Perception, Intellectual Disability, Psycholinguistics
Lichtenstein, Robert – Communique, 2020
A neuropsychologist describes a child's performance on a measure of short-term verbal memory as falling in the low average range. Another neuropsychologist reports that a child scored in the below average range. A third neuropsychologist describes a child's performance as mildly impaired. Yet, all three are referring to the same score on the same…
Descriptors: Scores, Neuropsychology, Short Term Memory, Tests
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Chenneville, Tiffany; Davis, Andrew S.; Chittooran, Mary M. – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2020
Rates of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well as mortality and morbidity related to HIV and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) depend, in part, on the resources available in the child's country. HIV prevention and intervention efforts also are influenced by cultural factors. The purpose of this article is to summarize key…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Foreign Countries, School Psychologists, Counselor Role
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Chittooran, Mary M. – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2020
India represents the third largest country in the world of individuals living with HIV. Current surveillance data indicate a prevalence rate of 0.2% in the general population, with 2.1 million individuals living with HIV, including 61,000 children under the age of fifteen. HIV may result in a variety of academic, motor, language, psychosocial, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Neuropsychology, Epidemiology
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Bayo-Tallón, Vanessa; Esquirol-Caussa, Jordi; Pàmias-Massana, Montserrat; Planells-Keller, Kalia; Cascos-Rodríguez, Ana; Palao-Vidal, Diego J. – SAGE Open, 2020
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder. Common symptoms are inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and executive functions deficit, often with comorbidities. Main treatment involves pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies (cognitive-behavioral therapy, psycho-pedagogical programs). Emerging…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Students with Disabilities, Intervention, Drug Therapy
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Biesmans, K. E.; Aken, L.; Frunt, E. M. J.; Wingbermühle, P. A. M.; Egger, J. I. M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: Assessment of intelligence and executive function (EF) is common in complex neuropsychiatric practice. Although previous studies have shown that EF and intelligence are related, it is unknown whether these constructs relate to one another in a similar manner across different ability groups (mild intellectual disability, borderline…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Executive Function, Psychiatry, Correlation
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Gelbar, Nicholas W.; Bray, Melissa – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2019
School psychologists are often given the task of reviewing the reports from clinical neuropsychologists to translate them into school-based supports and services. In order to explore the prevalence and utility of this, a pilot study was conducted using a nationwide sample recruited from the members of the National Association of School…
Descriptors: School Psychologists, Counselor Attitudes, Neuropsychology, Diagnostic Tests
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Bartolucci, Marco; Batini, Federico – Educational Gerontology, 2019
Listening to narrative material stimulates and activates multiple areas in the cerebral cortex. It has been shown that such activations produce significant changes in the connectivity of the brain. In literature, findings have shown that in pathological aging (i.e., cognitive decline) patients who underwent a daily narrative training showed some…
Descriptors: Patients, Cognitive Ability, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Aging (Individuals)
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Ng, Rowena; Heinrich, Kimberley; Hodges, Elise K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to examine the neuropsychological correlates of child patients diagnosed with ADHD, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or comorbid ASD + ADHD through a multidisciplinary ASD evaluation clinic. Patients completed standardized tests of intellectual, attention, social-affective/cognitive, and executive functioning; and a semi-structured…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Comorbidity
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