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Cerasa, Antonio; Ruta, Liliana; Marino, Flavia; Biamonti, Giuseppe; Pioggia, Giovanni – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
A plethora of neuroimaging studies have focused on the discovery of potential neuroendophenotypes useful to understand the etiopathogenesis of autism and predict treatment response. Social robotics has recently been proposed as an effective tool to strengthen the current treatments in children with autism. However, the high clinical heterogeneity…
Descriptors: Neurology, Diagnostic Tests, Genetics, Robotics
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Thanprasertsuk, Sekh; Jumrustanasan, Tanoo; Somboonkusolsil, Laksanaree; Khwanjaipanich, Sirawit; Sukkee, Jirawin; Watanatada, Pasakorn; Qureshi, Shaun Peter; Bongsebandhu-phubhakdi, Saknan – Advances in Physiology Education, 2021
Traditionally teachers display the learning outline at the beginning and conclusions at the end of didactic teaching sessions, and students may find it difficult to understand how teaching activities relate to learning objectives and what they should study for assessments. We introduced the "concept-sharing approach" in our…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Education, Teaching Methods, Learning Processes
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Powell, Carolyn L.; Brown, Angus M. – Advances in Physiology Education, 2021
The ability to understand the relationship between the reversal potential and the membrane potential is a fundamental skill that must be mastered by students studying membrane excitability. To clarify this relationship, we have reframed a classic experiment carried out by Hodgkin and Katz, where we compare graphically the membrane potential at…
Descriptors: Physiology, Neurology, Science Experiments, Human Body
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Wink, Logan K.; Reisinger, Debra L.; Horn, Paul; Shaffer, Rebecca C.; O'Brien, Kaela; Schmitt, Lauren; Dominick, Kelli R.; Pedapati, Ernest V.; Erickson, Craig A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Dysregulation of glutamate neurotransmission plays a critical role in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) pathophysiology and is a primary target for core deficit research treatment trials. The mechanism of action of ketamine has striking overlap with the theory of ASD as a disorder of synaptic communication and neuronal networks. This two-dose,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurology, Adolescents
Danilov, Igor Val; Mihailova, Sandra – Online Submission, 2021
One of the most intriguing questions in cognitive science is the Primary Data Entry (PDE) problem: where does social knowledge come from? After birth, an organism meets with reality, which is transcendental, staying beyond any experience and understanding of this pure reason. Basic approaches to the study of cognition are cognitivism,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Science, Intelligence, Models, Intention
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Border, Scott; Woodward, Charlotte; Kurn, Octavia; Birchall, Cara; Laurayne, Hailey; Anbu, Deepika; Taylor, Charlie; Hall, Samuel – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2021
Anatomists are well placed to tackle the transition from face-to-face to blended learning approaches as a result of the rapidly forced changes brought about by COVID-19. The subject is extremely visual and has, therefore, previously been a target for the development of technology-enhanced learning initiatives over the last ten years. Today's…
Descriptors: Blended Learning, Electronic Learning, Educational Resources, Anatomy
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Stephens, Kate; Silk, Timothy J.; Anderson, Vicki; Hazell, Philip; Enticott, Peter G.; Sciberras, Emma – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) combined with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms (ADHD + ASD) have poorer social and emotional functioning than those with ADHD alone. However, no studies have specifically examined the associations between ASD symptoms, measures of social and emotional functioning and limbic…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Sanders, Jane Elizabeth – Journal of Social Work Education, 2021
The objective of this teaching note is to further discussion, application, and research on trauma-informed educational practices in social work. Trauma has a pervasive effect across social work service sectors. Both generalist and specialized education about trauma could reduce misinterpretation of coping strategies and retraumatization of…
Descriptors: Trauma, Counselor Training, Course Content, Social Work
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Dong, Liang; Gao, Tingting; Zheng, Wei; Zeng, Kebin; Wu, Xiushu – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2021
This study focuses on the application, advantages, and disadvantages of E-learning in neurology education. The findings of the study demonstrate that E-learning can effectively improve learning efficiency and reduce learning costs. Neurologists can access the right study material on the Internet anytime, anywhere. Compared with traditional…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Professional Continuing Education, Medical Education, Neurology
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Kamada, Taisuke; Hata, Toshimichi – Learning & Memory, 2021
Dopamine plays a critical role in behavioral tasks requiring interval timing (time perception in a seconds-to-minutes range). Although some studies demonstrate the role of dopamine receptors as a controller of the speed of the internal clock, other studies demonstrate their role as a controller of motivation. Both D1 dopamine receptors (D1DRs) and…
Descriptors: Neurology, Physiology, Time, Perception
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Nilsson Sjöberg, Mattias – Critical Studies in Education, 2021
Psychiatric/neurodevelopmental diagnoses have expanded in number and scale with increased influence over matters of education and upbringing. One of the most common psychiatric diagnoses among children and adolescents is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The dominant perspective of ADHD is biomedical, where ADHD is defined as a…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Clinical Diagnosis, Social Bias, Philosophy
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Merzougui, Wassim H.; Myers, Matthew A.; Hall, Samuel; Elmansouri, Ahmad; Parker, Rob; Robson, Alistair D.; Kurn, Octavia; Parrott, Rachel; Geoghegan, Kate; Harrison, Charlotte H.; Anbu, Deepika; Dean, Oliver; Border, Scott – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2021
Methods of assessment in anatomy vary across medical schools in the United Kingdom (UK) and beyond; common methods include written, spotter, and oral assessment. However, there is limited research evaluating these methods in regards to student performance and perception. The National Undergraduate Neuroanatomy Competition (NUNC) is held annually…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Test Format, Medical Students, Foreign Countries
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Ames, Jennifer L.; Massolo, Maria L.; Davignon, Meghan N.; Qian, Yinge; Croen, Lisa A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Youth with autism spectrum disorder often have complex medical needs. Disruptions of healthcare during the transition from pediatric to adult healthcare may put youth with autism spectrum disorder at higher risk of medical emergencies and high medical costs. We conducted a study among transition-age youth (14-25 years old) receiving healthcare at…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Youth, Adolescents
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Taylor, Emily C.; Livingston, Lucy A.; Callan, Mitchell J.; Ashwin, Chris; Shah, Punit – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with atypical autonomic nervous system (ANS) function. However, little is known about this relationship, while accounting for co-occurring mental health conditions (e.g. anxiety) that are also associated with ANS dysfunction. In addition, research on the ANS has typically involved physiological…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physiology, Neurology
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Izbicki, P.; Stegemöller, E. L.; Compton, J.; Thompson, J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2021
The first-year student experience in college is a crucial time for personal and professional development, especially for students entering science, technology, education, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Unfortunately, it is also the time when students most commonly leave STEM, largely due to disconnection from faculty and peers. The Freshman…
Descriptors: Diseases, College Freshmen, STEM Education, Peer Relationship
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