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Smith, Gillian S.; Fleming, Michael; Kinnear, Deborah; Henderson, Angela; Pell, Jill P.; Melville, Craig; Cooper, Sally-Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Studies on children and adults combined suggest higher mortality rates for autistic than other people, but few report mortality rates for autistic children. In addition, past studies may not be representative of the current generation of children diagnosed with autism. We examined mortality in children using data from Scotland's annual pupil…
Descriptors: Death, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries
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Ekholuenetale, Michael; Wegbom, Anthony Ike; Tudeme, Godson; Onikan, Adeyinka – International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy, 2020
Child mortality has become a prominent public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The mortality rates can in part be translated to how communities meet the health needs of children and address key household and environmental risk factors. Though discussions on the trends and magnitude of child mortality continue as to strategize for a…
Descriptors: Death, Mortality Rate, Child Health, Childhood Needs
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Oppewal, Alyt; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Overweight/obesity and poor physical fitness are two prevalent lifestyle-related problems in older adults with intellectual disabilities, which each require a different approach. To improve healthy ageing, we assessed whether fatness or fitness is more important for survival in older adults with intellectual disabilities. Methods: In…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Fitness, Older Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Barban, N.; de Luna, X.; Lundholm, E.; Svensson, I.; Billari, F. C. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
In this article, we combine the extensive literature on the analysis of life-course trajectories as sequences with the literature on causal inference and propose a new matching approach to investigate the causal effect of the timing of life-course events on subsequent outcomes. Our matching approach takes into account pre-event confounders that…
Descriptors: Retirement, Experience, Older Adults, Foreign Countries
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Clark, Ginerva A.; Humphries, Marisha L.; Perez, Jessica; Udoetuk, Stella; Bhatt, Kruti; Domingo, Jennifer P.; Garcia, Megan; Daubenmire, Patrick L.; Mansuri, Nazminbano; King, Maripat – Journal of Chemical Education, 2020
Knowledge of functional groups provides students with a language for organic chemistry. However, students in a health science chemistry course do not plan to be synthetic organic chemists and, therefore, need examples of how functional group chemistry is relevant to their vocational goals. We have developed a lab to demonstrate how simple…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Health Sciences, Laboratory Experiments, Prenatal Care
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Ceyiz, Senem – Journal of Education and Learning, 2020
The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of bicyclists to promote the use of bicycles in the cities. The sample was selected using simple random sampling method. A total of 1087 bicyclists, including 178 women and 909 men, who used bicycles in their everyday lives in the city, voluntarily participated in the research. The study was a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Activities, Sustainable Development, Urban Culture
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Lee, Sunghee; McClain, Colleen; Behr, Dorothée; Meitinger, Katharina – Field Methods, 2020
Self-rated health (SRH) and subjective life expectancy (SLE) are widely used for understanding health and predicting mortality. However, what these items measure remains unclear, due to the lack of conceptual frameworks. We administered a web survey across the United States, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, and Mexico. The questionnaire included SRH…
Descriptors: Schemata (Cognition), Self Evaluation (Individuals), Prediction, Mortality Rate
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Miller, Michele; Romine, William – European Journal of Educational Research, 2020
As we have seen from the current COVID-19 pandemic, misconceptions concerning viruses can lead to disease spread and panic. Therefore, it is imperative to determine misconceptions held concerning epidemics and pandemics. One virus that warrants study of misconceptions, albeit given limited attention in the West, is the Ebola virus. An assessment…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Misconceptions, Communicable Diseases, Disease Control
Leive, Adam; Ruhm, Christopher J. – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2020
We examine whether the least educated population groups experienced the worst mortality trends during the 21st century by measuring changes in mortality across education quartiles. We document sharply differing gender patterns. Among women, mortality trends improved fairly monotonically with education. Conversely, male trends for the lowest three…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Mortality Rate, Gender Differences, Disproportionate Representation
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, 2020
This year's "America's Children in Brief" highlights selected indicators by metropolitan status to give the reader a closer look at how well-being is influenced by the type of community in which children and their families live. The "Brief" also provides a snapshot of the overall well-being of America's children through the…
Descriptors: Well Being, Geographic Regions, Age Differences, Racial Differences
Gross, Karen – New England Journal of Higher Education, 2020
The spread of COVID-19, which happens easily in a campus setting, raises critical questions about what educational institutions can and should do. The raised issues are remarkably varied and call for all those involved in running institutions to approach these concerns thoughtfully and quickly, given the speed with which the virus is spreading,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Disease Control, Epidemiology, Public Health
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Stolow, Jeni A.; Moses, Lina M.; Lederer, Alyssa M.; Carter, Rebecca – Health Education & Behavior, 2020
As health professionals develop health communication for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we implore that these communication approaches do not include fear appeals. Fear appeals, also known as scare tactics, have been widely used to promote recommended preventive behaviors. We contend that unintended negative outcomes can result from fear…
Descriptors: Fear, Disease Control, Epidemiology, Public Health
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Henry, Brandy F. – Health Education & Behavior, 2020
Incarcerated people are at disproportionately high risk of contracting COVID-19. Prisons are epicenters for COVID-19 transmission, including to the community. High rates of preexisting health conditions, limited access to quality health care, and inability to social distance make it impossible to reduce the impact of COVID-19 in prisons. Due to a…
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Institutionalized Persons, Public Policy, Disease Control
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Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid; Wagner, Judith T.; Eriksen Ødegaard, Elin – International Journal of Early Childhood, 2020
The novel coronavirus, also known as COVID-19, has moved rapidly across the world in 2020. This article reports on the recent consequences of the pandemic for early childhood education in Sweden, Norway, and the United States. The authors illustrate the effects of the pandemic on preschools in their countries, against a backdrop of frequent…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Preschools, Foreign Countries
Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2020
This is the 31st edition of the "KIDS COUNT Data Book." The Annie E. Casey Foundation has published this comprehensive assessment of the well-being of children in the United States every year since 1990, during periods of growth and recession and in times of relative prosperity and great anxiety. But since the Foundation began publishing…
Descriptors: Social Indicators, Child Development, Children, Adolescents
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