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Chou, Mu-Hsuan – International Journal of Listening, 2021
Listening is a fundamental language skill that enables language learners to receive information and interact with others. Learners use strategies to facilitate learning, perform tasks, and compensate for gaps in linguistic knowledge. Listening and learning strategies have not received much attention at secondary level in Taiwan until recently.…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension Tests, Listening Skills, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Wang, Haiping; Yu, Guoxing – International Journal of Listening, 2021
Listen-to-summarize cloze (LSC) tasks are not rare in high-stakes language tests; however, we know little about what test-takers do during the tasks. In our study, we examined 16 students' think-aloud protocols (TAPs) which were recorded while they were completing two LSC tasks. The analysis of the 16 TAPs indicated iterative cognitive processes…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cloze Procedure, Language Tests, High Stakes Tests
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Aryadoust, Vahid – International Journal of Listening, 2021
This study investigates the underlying structure of the listening test of the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education (GCE) exam, comparing the fit of five cognitive diagnostic assessment models comprising the deterministic input noisy "and" gate (DINA), generalized DINA (G-DINA), deterministic input noisy "or"…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension Tests, Cognitive Measurement, Models, Foreign Countries
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Holzknecht, Franz; McCray, Gareth; Eberharter, Kathrin; Kremmel, Benjamin; Zehentner, Matthias; Spiby, Richard; Dunlea, Jamie – Language Testing, 2021
Studies from various disciplines have reported that spatial location of options in relation to processing order impacts the ultimate choice of the option. A large number of studies have found a primacy effect, that is, the tendency to prefer the first option. In this paper we report on evidence that position of the key in four-option…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Test Items, Multiple Choice Tests, Listening Comprehension Tests
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Wallace, Matthew P.; Qin, Coral Yiwei – LEARN Journal: Language Education and Acquisition Research Network, 2021
This study investigated second language learners' fairness perceptions of a classroom-based language test and whether those perceptions were predictive of justice judgments of their language program. Classroom test fairness was conceptualized as a multidimensional construct, consisting of distributive fairness (how fairly test scores represent…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Culture Fair Tests
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Jiamin, Xie; Jinyan, Lu; Tianyi, Ma – Asian Journal of Education and Training, 2021
In China, the English Test Band 6 (CET6) is a national test that is used to assess the English proficiency of test-takers by the state with unified questions, unified fees, and unified organization of tests. It is held twice a year. This test has had a great impact on college students and college teachers. It was introduced in 1978. In 2016, the…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Listening Comprehension Tests, Testing Problems, Foreign Countries
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Nix, John-Michael L. – International Journal of Listening, 2021
The relationship between second language (L2) listening presage and process variables was examined in a large cross-sectional study. A formal model of learning beliefs was adapted to create a structural equation model testing the interrelationships of individual difference (gender, practice, experience with native teachers) and trait variables…
Descriptors: Correlation, Listening Comprehension, Case Studies, Individual Differences
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Freed, Jenny; Cain, Kate – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2021
Background: Reading and listening comprehension are essential for accessing the school curriculum. Inference-making is integral to successful comprehension and involves integrating information between clauses (local coherence) and integrating information with background knowledge (global coherence). We require appropriate methods to assess…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, Inferences, Story Telling
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Lee, Ping-Jung; Liu, Yeu-Ting; Tseng, Wen-Ta – Language Teaching Research, 2021
Existing research has established captions as effective second-language (L2) or foreign language (FL) listening comprehension aids. However, due to the transient nature of captions, not all learners are capable of attending to captions in all cases. Previous work posited that to leverage the impact of technologies in learning and instruction, a…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Listening Comprehension
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Kermad, Alyssa – TESL-EJ, 2021
Prosody communicates pragmatic meaning far beyond that which is evident at the surface level of an utterance and can pose challenges to learners' pragmatic comprehension. The current study investigated how second language (L2) English learners made decisions about speaker intent when communicated through prosody. Seventeen English L2 learners took…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Aryadoust, Vahid – Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2020
The aim of the present study is two-fold. First, it uses eye-tracking to investigate the dynamics of item reading, both in multiple choice and matching items, before and during two hearings of listening passages in a computerized while-listening performance (WLP) test. Second, it investigates answer changing during the two hearings, which include…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Test Items, Secondary School Students, Reading Processes
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Wong, Simpson W. L.; Lin, Cherry C. Y.; Wong, Isabella S. Y.; Cheung, Anisa – SAGE Open, 2020
Connected speech produced by native speakers poses a challenge to second language learners. Video subtitles have been found to assist the decoding of English connected speech for learners of English as a foreign language (EFL). However, the presence of subtitles may divert the listeners' attention to the visual cues while paying less attention to…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Translation, Connected Discourse
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Geertsema, Salomé; le Roux, Mia – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2020
The application of specific motor learning principles (MLPs) in treatment for developmental motor-based articulation disorder in children has not been reported to date. The aims were to determine treatment effects of a novel hybrid intervention approach for a single participant with motor-based articulation disorder, and to examine the role of…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Articulation (Speech), Perceptual Motor Learning, Children
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Magal-Royo, Teresa; Garcia Laborda, Jesus – Online Submission, 2020
The use of new digital formats in language learning and testing improves both the learning and acquisition skills development process of language tests. The process of listening comprehension is considered one of the most complex in the field of Computer Aided Learning Language (CALL) because it relates to multimodal learning channels and brain…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Auditory Perception
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Boonsuk, Yusop; Karakas, Ali – Acta Educationis Generalis, 2020
Introduction: In recent years, the number of test-takers of international tests of English has grown at an exponential rate. Those whose first language is not English, i.e. non-native English speakers (NNES), constitute the predominant majority of these test-takers, largely based in non-Anglophone contexts. Thus, the state of whether the…
Descriptors: Language Variation, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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