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Martinez, Jose Felipe; Bailey, Alison L.; Kerr, Deirdre; Huang, Becky H.; Beauregard, Stacey – National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST), 2010
The present study piloted a survey-based measure of Opportunity to Learn (OTL) and Academic Language Exposure (ALE) in fourth grade science classrooms that sought to distinguish teacher practices with ELL (English language learner) and non-ELL students. In the survey, participant teachers reported on their instructional practices and the context…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Elementary School Science, Observation, Second Language Learning