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Barnes, Melissa – Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 2016
Washback, or the influence of testing on teaching and learning, has received considerable attention in language testing research over the past twenty years. It is widely argued that testing, particularly high-stakes testing, exerts a powerful influence, whether intended or unintended, positive or negative, on both teachers and learners. This…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Tests, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language)