ERIC Number: EJ1201057
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of Phrase and Word Frequencies in Noun Phrase Production
Shao, Zeshu; van Paridon, Jeroen; Poletiek, Fenna; Meyer, Antje S.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v45 n1 p147-165 Jan 2019
There is mounting evidence that the ease of producing and understanding language depends not only on the frequencies of individual words but also on the frequencies of word combinations. However, in two picture description experiments, Janssen and Barber (2012) found that French and Spanish speakers' speech onset latencies for short phrases depended exclusively on the frequencies of the phrases but not on the frequencies of the individual words. They suggested that speakers retrieved phrase-sized units from the mental lexicon. In the present study, we examined whether the time required to plan complex noun phrases in Dutch would likewise depend only on phrase frequencies. Participants described line drawings in phrases such as "rode schoen" [red shoe] (Experiments 1 and 2) or "de rode schoen" [the red shoe] (Experiment 3). Replicating Janssen and Barber's findings, utterance onset latencies depended on the frequencies of the phrases but, deviating from their findings, also depended on the frequencies of the adjectives in adjective-noun phrases and the frequencies of the nouns in determiner-adjective-noun phrases. We conclude that individual word frequencies and phrase frequencies both affect the time needed to produce noun phrases and discuss how these findings may be captured in models of the mental lexicon and of phrase production.
Descriptors: Phrase Structure, Nouns, Word Frequency, Indo European Languages, Language Research, Freehand Drawing, Task Analysis, Form Classes (Languages), Language Processing, Psycholinguistics, Color, Familiarity, Naming, Error Patterns, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands