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Garrison, D. R.; Cleveland-Innes, Martha; Fung, Tak Shing – Internet and Higher Education, 2010
The causal relationships among the three presences in the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework are explored and tested in this paper. The CoI framework has been used extensively in the research and practice of online and blended learning contexts. With the development of a survey instrument based on the CoI framework, it is possible to test the…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Factor Structure, Computer Mediated Communication, Communities of Practice
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Arbaugh, J. B.; Bangert, Arthur; Cleveland-Innes, Martha – Internet and Higher Education, 2010
This paper integrates the emerging literatures of empirical research on the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework and disciplinary effects in online teaching and learning by examining the disciplinary differences in perceptions of social, teaching, and cognitive presence of over 1500 students in seven disciplines at two U.S. institutions. Our…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Intellectual Disciplines, Communities of Practice, Inquiry