ERIC Number: ED133404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug-27
Cultural Diversity, Mental Retardation, and Assessment: The Case for Nonlabeling.
Mercer, Jane R.
The System of Multicultural Pluralistic Assessment (SOMPA) is designed for use in a culturally diverse society. The system was developed on 700 English-speaking caucasian children (hereafter called Anglos) from the anglo core culture, 700 black children, and 700 Latino Children (90 percent were of Mexican-American heritage) five through eleven years of age. The SOMPA is a system of assessment which triangulates the evaluation process. It looks at the child through a Medical Model and screens for possible anomalies indicated by the Health History, performance on the physical Dexterity Battery, or tests of Vision or Hearing. Using a Social System Model. It looks at the child's performances in family roles, nonacademic school roles, peer group roles, community roles, earner/consumer roles, self-maintenance roles, and academic school roles. Using a Puralistic Model, it evaluates the child's performance relative to others from the same sociocultural background and makes inferences about the child's Estimated Learning Potential. Through this process, it is hoped that the non-anglo child whose potential may be masked by the distance between the child's location in sociocultural space and the culture of the school will be identified. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Adolescents, Black Students, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Diagnosis, Elementary School Students, Measurement Techniques, Medical Evaluation, Mental Retardation, Mexican Americans, Minority Group Children, Preschool Children, Social Development, Test Construction, White Students
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California