ERIC Number: EJ1190440
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
"American = English Speaker" before "American = White": The Development of Children's Reasoning about Nationality
DeJesus, Jasmine M.; Hwang, Hyesung G.; Dautel, Jocelyn B.; Kinzler, Katherine D.
Child Development, v89 n5 p1752-1767 Sep-Oct 2018
Adults implicitly judge people from certain social backgrounds as more "American" than others. This study tests the development of children's reasoning about nationality and social categories. Children across cultures (White and Korean American children in the United States, Korean children in South Korea) judged the nationality of individuals varying in race and language. Across cultures, 5- to 6-year-old children (N = 100) categorized English speakers as "American" and Korean speakers as "Korean" regardless of race, suggesting that young children prioritize language over race when thinking about nationality. Nine- and 10-year-olds (N = 181) attended to language and race and their nationality judgments varied across cultures. These results suggest that associations between nationality and social category membership emerge early in life and are shaped by cultural context.
Descriptors: North Americans, English, Native Speakers, Child Development, Cognitive Processes, Asians, Korean Americans, Whites, Race, Native Language, Cross Cultural Studies, Korean, Children, Correlation, Cultural Context, Social Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Ethnic Stereotypes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD070890