ERIC Number: EJ1178709
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Learning to Individuate: The Specificity of Labels Differentially Impacts Infant Visual Attention
Pickron, Charisse B.; Iyer, Arjun; Fava, Eswen; Scott, Lisa S.
Child Development, v89 n3 p698-710 May-Jun 2018
This study examined differences in visual attention as a function of label learning from 6 to 9 months of age. Before and after 3 months of parent-directed storybook training with computer-generated novel objects, event-related potentials and visual fixations were recorded while infants viewed trained and untrained images (n = 23). Relative to a pretraining, a no-training control group (n = 11), and to infants trained with category-level labels (e.g., all labeled "Hitchel"), infants trained with individual-level labels (e.g., "Boris," "Jamar") displayed increased visual attention and neural differentiation of objects after training.
Descriptors: Child Development, Visual Perception, Attention Control, Parent Child Relationship, Infants, Infant Behavior, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Story Reading, Eye Movements, Visual Stimuli, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Ability, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Comparative Analysis, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Computer Assisted Testing
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: BCS1056805|BCS1560810