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ERIC Number: ED576309
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 209
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-3697-0246-0
A Data Augmentation Approach to Short Text Classification
Rosario, Ryan Robert
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
Text classification typically performs best with large training sets, but short texts are very common on the World Wide Web. Can we use resampling and data augmentation to construct larger texts using similar terms? Several current methods exist for working with short text that rely on using external data and contexts, or workarounds. Our focus is to test a new preprocessing approach that uses resampling, inspired by the bootstrap, combined with data augmentation, by treating each short text as a population and sampling similar words from a semantic space to create a longer text. We use blog post titles collected from the Technorati blog aggregator as experimental data with each title appearing in one of ten categories. We first test how well the raw short texts are classified using a variant of SVM designed specifically for short texts as well as a supervised topic model and an SVM model that uses semantic vectors as features. We then build a semantic space and augment each short text with related terms under a variety of experimental conditions. We test the classifiers on the augmented data and compare performance to the aforementioned baselines. The classifier performance on augmented test sets outperformed the baseline classifiers in most cases. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A