ERIC Number: EJ1202035
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Does School Climate Mean the Same Thing in the United States as in Mexico? A Focus on Measurement Invariance
Shukla, Kathan D.; Waasdorp, Tracy E.; Lindstrom Johnson, Sarah; Orozco Solis, Mercedes Gabriela; Nguyen, Amanda J.; Rodríguez, Cecilia Colunga; Bradshaw, Catherine P.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v37 n1 p55-68 Feb 2019
School climate is an important construct for guiding violence prevention efforts in U.S. schools, but there has been less consideration of this concept in its neighboring country Mexico, which has a higher prevalence of violence. The U.S. Department of Education outlined a three-domain conceptualization of school climate (i.e., safe and supportive schools model) that includes engagement, safety, and the school environment. To examine the applicability of this school climate model in Mexico, the present study tested its measurement invariance across middle school students in the United States (n = 15,099) and Mexico (n = 2,211). Findings supported full invariance for engagement and modified-safety scales indicating that factor loadings and intercepts contributed almost equally to factor means, and scale scores were comparable across groups. Partial invariance was found for the environment scales. Results of a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) consisting of all 13 school climate scales indicated significantly positive associations among all scales in the U.S. sample and among most scales in the Mexico sample. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Violence, Factor Analysis, Error of Measurement, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, School Safety, Foreign Countries, Prevention, Incidence, Models, Middle School Students, Correlation, Learner Engagement, Student School Relationship, Academic Achievement, Validity, Measurement Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED); National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (DOJ)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico; United States