ERIC Number: EJ1202436
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Critically Assessing the 1968 Bilingual Education Act at 50 Years: Taming Tongues and Latinx Communities
García, Ofelia; Sung, Kenzo K.
Bilingual Research Journal, v41 n4 p318-333 2018
As the 1968 Bilingual Education Act (BEA) reaches its 50th anniversary, we provide a critical historical review of its contradictory origins and legacy. By distilling the BEA's history into three periods that we label "power to the people," "pride for the people," and "profit from the people," we demonstrate that the bill was never meant to fully support 1960s Latinx activists' goal for a race radical bilingual education to confront racism and structural inequities, yet it offered a transitory moment in which aspirations for such goals were partially realized. This finding is significant, as the article concludes by exploring what possibilities there are to create new moments to imagine more in this neoliberal multicultural era of dual language education, where bilingualism and cultural diversity are too often commodified off the proverbial backs of Latinx youth.
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Second Language Learning, Educational Legislation, Educational History, Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Hispanic Americans, Activism, Civil Rights, Cultural Pluralism, Culture Conflict, Neoliberalism, Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, Court Litigation
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bilingual Education Act 1968; Brown v Board of Education; Lau v Nichols