ERIC Number: EJ1203632
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Abstractor: As Provided
Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Learning Problems: Development and Validation of the LD/QOL15 Scale
Waber, Deborah P.; Boiselle, Ellen C.; Forbes, Peter W.; Girard, Jonathan M.; Sideridis, Georgios D.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v52 n2 p146-157 Mar-Apr 2019
Learning problems (LP) can have wider implications than the academic deficits per se. The goal of the present series of studies was to develop a reliable and valid quality-of-life measure targeted to children and adolescents with LP. In Study 1, using a 35-item questionnaire, we surveyed 151 parents/guardians of children referred for assessment of learning disorders. Exploratory factor analysis identified a three-factor model: Academic Performance, School Understanding, and Child/Family Psychological. These factors were validated against standardized measures of academic achievement and psychosocial functioning. The questionnaire was then reduced to 15 items--the LD/QOL15--and administered to a community sample of 325 parents/guardians of children in Grades 1 to 8 (Study 2). The three-factor model was verified with confirmatory factor analysis. Comparison of general education (n = 232) and LP (n = 93) groups within the community sample documented substantial group differences (p < 0.0001), with the LP group having higher mean scores. These differences were larger for older students (Grades 5-8) than younger students (Grades 1-4; p < 0.01). The LD/QOL15 is a brief and reliable measure that is valid to assess quality of life and, potentially, outcomes in children and adolescents with LP.
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Children, Adolescents, Learning Problems, Test Construction, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Parent Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Psychological Patterns, Questionnaires, Gender Differences
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts