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Wu, Jason Hsinchieh; Sheu, Tian-Ming – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2015
Previous studies have identified many school variables which can have significant effect on academic optimism. However, most of these identified variables are leadership or psychological constructs; thus, it is often too abstract for school administrators to translate into real practice. Therefore, this study adopted the perspective of school…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychological Patterns, Junior High Schools, Secondary School Teachers