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ERIC Number: ED590656
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 122
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-0-4384-2222-3
The Underrepresentation of Female Head Coaches in Collegiate Athletics
Reed, Sabrina Denise Rohr
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Northcentral University
In 1972, Title IX was implemented to provide males and females equal opportunities in public education. However, since this time, the percentage of female collegiate head coaches of female sports has decreased from 90% to 42%. The specific problem examined is the underrepresentation of females in head coaching positions in collegiate athletics, specifically of women's collegiate female sports. The purpose of this mixed methods phenomenological case study was to examine negative implications resulting from the phenomenon of the underrepresentation of females in head coaching position in college athletics. The role congruity theory was used as the theoretical framework for the study. The theory is shaped by societal influences in that males are considered to be better suited for powerful and leadership positions and females are better suited to support positions. To investigate the perceptions, 11 current female head coaches from the same conference of the National Collegiate Athletic Association completed the Female Sport Career Survey and Work-Family Conflict Questionnaire via Survey Monkey. Yin's five step process to data collection and analysis was used for the study. After the data was reassembled, the results indicated females in the study perceived their work to have an impact on their personal lives. In relation to perceived barriers, three reoccurring themes were found: (1) gender bias hiring practices, (2) more male candidates, and (3) higher perceptions of males. Participants were asked for advice to assist females in obtaining head coaching positions. Again, three reoccurring themes were found: (1) mentoring and learning opportunities, (2) stand-up for yourself, and (3) support. While the results are not transferable due to the small sample size, future research should further investigate the perceived barriers found in the study and how to combat the barriers. In practice, the results of this study should be an encouragement to female coaches as they consider pursuing all aspects of head coaching and other sports related leadership positions. The most obvious recommendation of future research is to repeat this research with an expanded number of participants from multiple conferences, divisions, collegiate members, and high schools. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A