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ERIC Number: EJ1200078
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1539-9664
The Full Measure of a Teacher: Using Value-Added to Assess Effects on Student Behavior
Jackson, C. Kirabo
Education Next, v19 n1 p62-68 Win 2019
When students look back on their most important teachers, the social aspects of their education are often what they recall. Learning to set goals, take risks and responsibility, or simply believe in oneself are often fodder for fond thanks--alongside mastering precalculus, becoming a critical reader, or remembering the capital of Turkmenistan. The author argues while test scores are often the best available measure of student progress, they do not capture every skill needed in adulthood. A growing research base shows that noncognitive (or socio-emotional) skills like adaptability, motivation, and self-restraint are key determinants of adult outcomes. Therefore, if there is a want to identify good teachers, society ought to look at how teachers affect their students' development across a range of skills--both academic and non-cognitive. To prove his argument, he uses a robust data set on 9th-grade students in North Carolina. First, he creates a measure of non-cognitive skills based on students' behavior in high school, such as suspensions and on-time grade progression. He then calculates effectiveness ratings based on teachers' impacts on both test scores and non-cognitive skills and look for connections between the two. Finally, he explores the extent to which measuring teacher impacts on behavior allows to better identify those truly excellent educators who have long-lasting effects on their students.
Hoover Institution. Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-6010. Tel: 800-935-2882; Fax: 650-723-8626; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Secondary Education; High Schools; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina