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ERIC Number: EJ1210547
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0279-6015
Which School for Whom? Placement Choices for Inclusion or Exclusion of Dutch Students with Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Difficulties in Primary Education
Inge, Zweers; Bijstra, Jan O.; de Castro, Bram Orobio; Tick, Nouchka T.; van de Schoot, Rens A. G. J.
School Psychology Review, v48 n1 p46-67 2019
This study examined which factors were related to placement choices for inclusive regular education or exclusive special education for Dutch students with social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties (SEBD). Students aged 6-11 in three subgroups participated: 45 included and 17 excluded students with SEBD (i.e., educated in regular education classrooms and in a separate setting exclusively for students with SEBD, respectively) and 772 typically developing peers. Before placement choices had been made, we collected data from students and teachers during classroom surveys and individual testing sessions with students with SEBD and from application files. Using Bayesian statistics, we found that included and excluded students with SEBD were similar in student functioning prior to placement, whereas teachers of included students had lower self-efficacy and more positive attitudes toward inclusion than teachers of excluded students. Furthermore, included and excluded students perceived their social-- emotional functioning more negatively than typically developing peers. Hence, although considered essential by existing policies, placement choices may not depend on student functioning, but teacher factors may play a role.
National Association of School Psychologists. 4340 East West Highway Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814. Tel: 301-657-0270; Fax: 301-657-0275; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Student Teacher Relationship Scale; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence