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Sawaki, Yasuyo; Sinharay, Sandip – Language Testing, 2018
The present study examined the reliability of the reading, listening, speaking, and writing section scores for the TOEFL iBT® test and their interrelationship in order to collect empirical evidence to support, respectively, the "generalization" inference and the "explanation" inference in the TOEFL iBT validity argument…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Computer Assisted Testing
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Hill, Yao Zhang; Liu, Ou Lydia – ETS Research Report Series, 2012
This study investigated the effect of the interaction between test takers' background knowledge and language proficiency on their performance on the "TOEFL iBT"® reading section. Test takers with the target content background knowledge (the focal groups) and those without (the reference groups) were identified for each of the 5 selected…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Internet
Pookcharoen, Suphawat – ProQuest LLC, 2009
Having the skills and strategies to comprehend and respond to information on the Internet plays a crucial role in students' success in a digital information age. Defined as the deliberate conscious control of one's own cognitive actions, metacognitive reading strategies can help readers overcome problems they encounter and ultimately achieve…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Reading Comprehension, Protocol Analysis, Reading Tests
Liu, Ou Lydia; Schedl, Mary; Malloy, Jeanne; Kong, Nan – Educational Testing Service, 2009
The TOEFL iBT[TM] has increased the length of the reading passages in the reading section compared to the passages on the TOEFL[R] computer-based test (CBT) to better approximate academic reading in North American universities, resulting in a reduced number of passages in the reading test. A concern arising from this change is whether the decrease…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Internet, Computer Assisted Testing