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Hill, Yao Zhang; Liu, Ou Lydia – ETS Research Report Series, 2012
This study investigated the effect of the interaction between test takers' background knowledge and language proficiency on their performance on the "TOEFL iBT"® reading section. Test takers with the target content background knowledge (the focal groups) and those without (the reference groups) were identified for each of the 5 selected…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Internet
Liu, Ou Lydia; Schedl, Mary; Malloy, Jeanne; Kong, Nan – Educational Testing Service, 2009
The TOEFL iBT[TM] has increased the length of the reading passages in the reading section compared to the passages on the TOEFL[R] computer-based test (CBT) to better approximate academic reading in North American universities, resulting in a reduced number of passages in the reading test. A concern arising from this change is whether the decrease…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Internet, Computer Assisted Testing