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Klauer, Karl J. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
The main findings of a meta-analysis of 23 research reports were the following: giving behavioral objectives, learning directions, or questions before an instructional text is read leads to some improvement in the learning of goal relevant material; however, these preinstructional acts impede the learning of goal irrelevant materials. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Advance Organizers, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning
Ekstrom, Ruth B. – New Directions for Testing and Measurement, 1983
Prior experience learning often requires new and different kinds of measurement techniques. Methods are described that have been developed to identify and assess the prior experiential learning of adult women from their unpaid work in the home and the community. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: Adults, Experiential Learning, Females, Incidental Learning
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Shelton, Dennis; Newhouse, Robert C. – Journal of Experimental Education, 1981
Differences in recall and number of trials to criterion between incidental learning groups and control groups of undergraduate students when memorizing CVC trigrams of high or low intralist similarity were investigated in this study. Results indicate that incidental learning did occur and suggest that incidental learning facilitates intentional…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Paired Associate Learning
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Zimmerman, Barry J.; Jaffe, Arnold – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Six-and eight-year olds were exposed to a modeling sequence for cluster rule learning under high, medium, and low degrees of structure. Age differences in vicarious learning emerged only in the medium structure condition, while immediately imitating a model failed to influence learning for either age group. (Author/CP)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Imitation, Incidental Learning
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Dixon, Paul N. – Journal of Experimental Education, 1978
The locus of control of subjects may be the confounding variable affecting the acceptance of motivational cues in intentional-incidental (INT-INC) learning studies, and thus the reason for conflicting results in "funneling effect" (leaning toward intentional learning as a function of motivation) experiments. 96 female college students selected for…
Descriptors: Educational Experiments, Educational Research, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Dunlop, Francis – British Journal of Educational Studies, 1977
Analyzes the process of learning--both intentional and non-intentional--and concludes that the view that learning is learning only if it is formal and intentional is false. (RK)
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Learning Experience, Learning Processes
Wingo, Rosetta F. – Business Education World, 1977
A study conducted to determine whether second-year typewriting students could learn intentionally and incidentally the meanings of technical business terms through the typing of specially written paragraphs in which the terms were defined within the context demonstrated the effectiveness of this procedure. (TA)
Descriptors: Business Skills, Educational Research, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Kaplan, Robert – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1976
The effects of four objective treatments (none, before text, after text, and combined before and after text) and two types of experience (practical and experimental) were investigated for intentional and incidental learning. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Educational Objectives, High School Students, Incidental Learning
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Royer, Paula Nassif – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Subjects received either specific or general objectives before or after the four sections of the audiotaped lecture. A control group received no objectives. Results on the use of objectives with written text showed that the before position increased intentional learning more than the after position. Incidental learning was significantly higher…
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, College Students, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning
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Wellman, Henry M. – Human Development, 1977
A conceptualization of intentional behavior is presented stressing the problem of diagnosis. Methodological requirements for the study of intentional memory development are used in a selective review of the literature. (MS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Early Childhood Education, Intentional Learning, Literature Reviews
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Dusek, Jerome B.; And Others – Child Development, 1976
The incidental and intentional learning abilities of high- and low-test-anxious second, fourth, and sixth grade children were explored. (BRT)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Kaplan, R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1976
The effects of requiring an overt or covert response to objectives when grouped before or interspersed throughout a text were investigated for intentional and incidental learning. In addition, two densities of specific and general objectives were investigated. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Covert Response, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Koh, Soon D.; And Others – Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1976
The question raised in this study was whether schizophrenics' recall deficit can be ameliorated if appropriate encoding behaviors are experimentally induced. (Editor)
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Psychological Studies, Psychopathology
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Lehane, Stephen; Goldman, Richard – Elementary School Journal, 1976
Four models of learning are described and a system for adapting to a child's preferred learning style is presented. (SB)
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Incidental Learning, Individualized Instruction, Intentional Learning
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Rickards, John P.; And Others – Journal of Educational Research, 1976
Two types of questions were inserted in reading material either before or after certain text segments to see how they affected learning. (MM)
Descriptors: College Students, Higher Education, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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