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Morse, Jean A.; Morse, P. Kenneth – 1978
In two identical experiments, undergraduate students were randomly assigned to study course-appropriate prose learning materials under one of four experimental conditions (two levels of experience with objectives by two levels of possession of objectives). Achievement on objectives-relevant test items was significantly higher for possessors…
Descriptors: Classroom Research, Course Objectives, Educational Objectives, Higher Education
Peterson, Jenny Boyer – 1975
This paper reports three experiments concerning methodological issues in studies on incidental learning performance which use verbal and nonverbal procedures and which appear to be hampered by differences in stimulus materials, learning opportunities, and dependent measures. The first study, using 128 children from grades 3, 5, 7, and 9, attempted…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
Gall, Meredith D.; And Others – 1975
This was a study to see whether students learn specific material better in classes which emphasize recitation on fact questions or recitation which involves the students in higher cognitive reasoning and interpreting skills. A series of 10 one-hour ecology lessons were taught by specially trained teachers; the same curriculum materials were…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Tests, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Incidental Learning
Royer, Paula Nassif – 1976
The effects of specificity and position of written instructional objectives on learning from an audiotaped lecture were investigated using materials from Rothkopf and Kaplan (1972). Subjects received either specific or general objectives before or after the four sections of the lecture. A control group received no objectives. Vocabulary items used…
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, Behavioral Objectives, Educational Research, Incidental Learning
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Deichmann, John W.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1971
Descriptors: Age Differences, Discrimination Learning, Elementary School Students, Incidental Learning
Greenwald, Anthony G. – J Educ Psychol, 1970
Intentional learning was found to be more efficient with reward than punishment. Incidental learning results showed no reward- punishment differences. (DG)
Descriptors: Association (Psychology), Associative Learning, College Students, Educational Psychology
Marx, David J. – J Educ Psychol, 1970
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Creativity Research, Educational Research, Females
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Kessler, Sheila – Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1974
Participants were divided into three groups: (a) control group, (b) Treatment 1 involving the application of learning theory plus group therapy, and (c) Treatment 2 involving the same as Treatment 1 plus mutual help principles. Both treatment groups lost significantly more weight over a seven-week period than did the control group. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavioral Objectives, Group Counseling, Intentional Learning
Davis, Mary – 1973
The author reviews the literature and makes tentative conclusions concerning the physiological correlates of learning and memory. Particular attention is given to the issues of spinal cord learning, subcortical learning, cerebral cortex learning, localization of learning within the brain (specificity vs. non-specificity), and association areas…
Descriptors: Biochemistry, Electroencephalography, Intentional Learning, Learning Processes
Marx, Melvin H. – 1971
The main purpose of the research was to make a comparative study of: (1) trial-and-error learning, in which a subject performs and is provided with knowledge of results; and (2) observational learning, in which a subject either observes the performance of another subject or is otherwise provided with equivalent information as to the correctness…
Descriptors: Associative Learning, College Students, Elementary School Students, Intentional Learning
Di Vesta, Francis J.; And Others – 1971
Three studies investigated goal expectancy as a variable in teaching-learning situations. The first study looked at the effect of the student's expectancy of the type of test to be given on their ability to recall word lists. There was a strong type-of-test expectancy effect in that those persons expecting to recall words in any sequence actually…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Educational Psychology, Educational Research, Goal Orientation
Callenbach, Carl Anton – 1971
Two hypotheses were tested in this study: that second grade students who receive instruction and practice in nonsubstantive test taking techniques will achieve higher standardized reading test scores than second grade students who do not receive this instruction and practice both immediately following treatment and four months after treatment. The…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Grade 2, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Incidental Learning
Frayer, Dorothy A.; Klausmeier, Herbert J. – 1971
A series of papers will be written to review in a comprehensive fashion the literature related to 3 categories of variables in concept learning: task variables, stimulus variables, and learner variables. This paper, the first of the series, focuses on task variables. Research dealing with instructions, temporal factors, and feedback is critically…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Feedback, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
Morse, Jean A.; Tillman, Murray H. – 1972
Fifty-two college students, enrolled in an introductory psychology course, served as subjects for this study, the purposes of which were: (1) to determine whether supplying subjects with a list of behavioral objectives causes them to focus their learning efforts on the specified behaviors to the extent that attention to non-specified behaviors is…
Descriptors: Behavioral Objectives, Education, Educational Objectives, Instruction
Kaplan, R.; Rothkopf, E. Z. – 1972
This study examined the effects of four characteristics of instructional objectives presented to the student prior to reading, upon intentional and incidental learning. The most salient result was produced by providing instructional objectives to the student prior to the text. The main findings were that (a) density increases (Proportion of…
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Factor Analysis, Incidental Learning, Instructional Design
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