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Royer, Paula Nassif – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Subjects received either specific or general objectives before or after the four sections of the audiotaped lecture. A control group received no objectives. Results on the use of objectives with written text showed that the before position increased intentional learning more than the after position. Incidental learning was significantly higher…
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, College Students, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning
Dickinson, John – Research Quarterly, 1978
The results suggest that coding for storage in the short-term memory is effective when learning occurs under incidental conditions; however, long-term storage appears to be significantly affected by the intention to learn and the foreknowledge of a recall test. (MM)
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Learning, Learning Motivation