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Gillespie, Marilyn K. – 2002
Research findings related to constructivism have been applied to development of the Equipped for the Future (EFF) Framework and Continuum of Performance, a multi-dimensional developmental description of performance serving as a foundation for EFF-based instruction and assessment of learner progress. Acquiring expertise is a complex developmental…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
Ackerman, Amy S. – 1977
Adjunct questions are test-like items interspersed at regular intervals, preceding or following prose passages, with the intention of increasing subsequent learning. In this state-of-the-art review, studies which include three major variables--age, ability, and question complexity level--are examined to determine whether a particular combination…
Descriptors: Ability, Advance Organizers, Age, Difficulty Level
Frayer, Dorothy A.; Klausmeier, Herbert J. – 1971
A series of papers will be written to review in a comprehensive fashion the literature related to 3 categories of variables in concept learning: task variables, stimulus variables, and learner variables. This paper, the first of the series, focuses on task variables. Research dealing with instructions, temporal factors, and feedback is critically…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Feedback, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
Kaplan, R.; Rothkopf, E. Z. – 1972
This study examined the effects of four characteristics of instructional objectives presented to the student prior to reading, upon intentional and incidental learning. The most salient result was produced by providing instructional objectives to the student prior to the text. The main findings were that (a) density increases (Proportion of…
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Factor Analysis, Incidental Learning, Instructional Design
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Bereiter, Carl – Elementary School Journal, 1973
Four kinds of learning are the basis for most of the discussion in this paper: direct-application learning, basic skills, background knowledge, and personal learning. (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Elementary School Students, Experiential Learning, Incidental Learning