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Whiffen, Joshua W.; Karpicke, Jeffrey D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The episodic context account of retrieval-based learning proposes that retrieval enhances subsequent retention because people must think back to and reinstate a prior learning context. Three experiments directly tested this central assumption of the context account. Subjects studied word lists and then either restudied the words under intentional…
Descriptors: Learning, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology), Prior Learning
Morse, Jean A.; Morse, P. Kenneth – 1978
In two identical experiments, undergraduate students were randomly assigned to study course-appropriate prose learning materials under one of four experimental conditions (two levels of experience with objectives by two levels of possession of objectives). Achievement on objectives-relevant test items was significantly higher for possessors…
Descriptors: Classroom Research, Course Objectives, Educational Objectives, Higher Education
Dickinson, John – Research Quarterly, 1978
The results suggest that coding for storage in the short-term memory is effective when learning occurs under incidental conditions; however, long-term storage appears to be significantly affected by the intention to learn and the foreknowledge of a recall test. (MM)
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Learning, Learning Motivation