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Showing 1 to 15 of 17 results Save | Export
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Boywitt, C. Dennis; Meiser, Thorsten – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
There is converging evidence that the feeling of conscious recollection is usually accompanied by the bound retrieval of context features of the encoding episode (e.g., Meiser, Sattler, & Weiber, 2008). Recently, however, important limiting conditions have been identified for the binding between context features in memory. For example, focusing on…
Descriptors: Memory, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Stimuli
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Seamon, John G.; Bohn, Justin M.; Coddington, Inslee E.; Ebling, Maritza C.; Grund, Ethan M.; Haring, Catherine T.; Jang, Sue-Jung; Kim, Daniel; Liong, Christopher; Paley, Frances M.; Pang, Luke K.; Siddique, Ashik H. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
Research from the adaptive memory framework shows that thinking about words in terms of their survival value in an incidental learning task enhances their free recall relative to other semantic encoding strategies and intentional learning (Nairne, Pandeirada, & Thompson, 2008). We found similar results. When participants used incidental…
Descriptors: Memory, Story Telling, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Christman, Stephen D.; Butler, Michael – Brain and Cognition, 2011
The existence of handedness differences in the retrieval of episodic memories is well-documented, but virtually all have been obtained under conditions of intentional learning. Two experiments are reported that extend the presence of such handedness differences to memory retrieval under conditions of incidental learning. Experiment 1 used Craik…
Descriptors: Handedness, Intentional Learning, Incidental Learning, Recognition (Psychology)
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Sahakyan, Lili; Delaney, Peter F. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2005
This article reports an error concerning the article "Directed Forgetting in Incidental Learning and Recognition Testing: Support for a Two-Factor Account" by Lili Sahakyan and Peter F. Delaney ("Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition," Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 789-801). The article was misidentified in the July issue as an…
Descriptors: Memory, Testing, Intentional Learning, Experimental Psychology
Doughty, Catherine J., Ed.; Long, Michael H., Ed. – 2003
This handbook provides an integrated discussion of key issues in second language acquisition (SLA). The 24 chapters include the following: (1) "The Scope of Inquiry and the Goals of SLA" (Catherine J. Doughty and Michael H. Long); (2) "On the Nature of Interlanguage Representation: Universal Grammar in the Second Language"…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Data Collection, Elementary Secondary Education, Grammar
Jones, Robert S. P.; Vaughan, Francis L.; Roberts, Mary – American Journal on Mental Retardation, 2002
Comparison for memory for spatial location of 30 persons with and 30 persons without mental retardation found the control group recalled more intentionally learned than incidentally learned locations. The experimental group performed better after incidental learning than after intentional learning and scored as highly as controls on incidental…
Descriptors: Adults, Children, Cognitive Mapping, Incidental Learning
Peterson, Jenny Boyer – 1975
This paper reports three experiments concerning methodological issues in studies on incidental learning performance which use verbal and nonverbal procedures and which appear to be hampered by differences in stimulus materials, learning opportunities, and dependent measures. The first study, using 128 children from grades 3, 5, 7, and 9, attempted…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Royer, Paula Nassif – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Subjects received either specific or general objectives before or after the four sections of the audiotaped lecture. A control group received no objectives. Results on the use of objectives with written text showed that the before position increased intentional learning more than the after position. Incidental learning was significantly higher…
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, College Students, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning
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Murphy, Martin D.; Brown, Ann L. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1975
Preschoolers' recall and clustering of organized lists of pictures were examined either under deliberate instructions to remember or in incidental learning situations. It was concluded that the activity of the children determines depth of processing and subsequent retention, not the intent to remember. (JMB)
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Memory, Preschool Children
Balota, David A.; Neely, James H. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 1980
Undergraduates were induced to expect a recall or recognition test and then to remember a critical list consisting of both high-frequency and low-frequency words. Groups received either an expected or unexpected recall or recognition test. People expecting recall did better, especially with high-frequency words. (Author/RD)
Descriptors: Expectation, Higher Education, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
Dickinson, John – Research Quarterly, 1978
The results suggest that coding for storage in the short-term memory is effective when learning occurs under incidental conditions; however, long-term storage appears to be significantly affected by the intention to learn and the foreknowledge of a recall test. (MM)
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Learning, Learning Motivation
Burack, Jacob A.; Zigler, Edward – American Journal on Mental Retardation, 1990
When 40 organically mentally retarded, 33 familial retarded, and 35 nonretarded school-age children were compared on 2 tasks of intentional memory, with mental age being covaried, the nonretarded children performed best, followed by the familial group. The 3 groups did not differ on a task of incidental learning. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Etiology, Family Influence, Incidental Learning
Cramer, Phebe; Eagle, Morris – Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1972
Effect of instructional conditions on the nature of memory errors was studied using a false recognition procedure. (Authors)
Descriptors: Associative Learning, Error Patterns, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
Meinke, Dean L.; And Others – 1982
Four separate experiments were completed using the same stimulus materials but different groups of subjects to determine if orienting tasks created problems of control in incidental/intentional learning studies. Subjects were all Caucasians and heterogeneous in age (from 24 to 64 years), educational experiences, and career choices. Those in the…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Language Processing
Snart, Fern; Mulcahy, Robert – 1979
Age differences in recognition and recall of common nouns were studied using three groups of fifty students, with mean ages of 6.7, 11.4, and 16.9. Subjects were randomly placed in either an incidental or intentional learning condition. All subjects were questioned about the physical, phonemic, and semantic aspects of the same words, in the same…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Age Differences, Difficulty Level, Elementary Secondary Education
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