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Schindler, Julia; Schindler, Simon; Reinhard, Marc-André – Frontline Learning Research, 2019
Self-generated information is better recognized and recalled than read information. This so-called generation effect has been replicated several times for different types of stimulus material, different generation tasks, and retention intervals. The present study investigated the impact of individual differences in learners' disposition to engage…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Individual Differences, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Seamon, John G.; Bohn, Justin M.; Coddington, Inslee E.; Ebling, Maritza C.; Grund, Ethan M.; Haring, Catherine T.; Jang, Sue-Jung; Kim, Daniel; Liong, Christopher; Paley, Frances M.; Pang, Luke K.; Siddique, Ashik H. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
Research from the adaptive memory framework shows that thinking about words in terms of their survival value in an incidental learning task enhances their free recall relative to other semantic encoding strategies and intentional learning (Nairne, Pandeirada, & Thompson, 2008). We found similar results. When participants used incidental…
Descriptors: Memory, Story Telling, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Younes, Maha N.; Asay, Sylvia M. – College Teaching, 2003
This qualitative case study evaluates the impact of international study experiences on college students. Three international study tours originating from a Mid-west state university are the focus of the study. Despite differing leadership styles, teaching and tour formats, academic orientations, and destinations, the outcome reveals that such…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, College Students, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
Greenwald, Anthony G. – J Educ Psychol, 1970
Intentional learning was found to be more efficient with reward than punishment. Incidental learning results showed no reward- punishment differences. (DG)
Descriptors: Association (Psychology), Associative Learning, College Students, Educational Psychology
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Royer, Paula Nassif – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Subjects received either specific or general objectives before or after the four sections of the audiotaped lecture. A control group received no objectives. Results on the use of objectives with written text showed that the before position increased intentional learning more than the after position. Incidental learning was significantly higher…
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, College Students, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning
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Rickards, John P.; And Others – Journal of Educational Research, 1976
Two types of questions were inserted in reading material either before or after certain text segments to see how they affected learning. (MM)
Descriptors: College Students, Higher Education, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Duchastel, Philippe C.; Brown, Bobby R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1974
College students received either one half of the objectives for a certain test or no objectives at all. The subjects with objectives performed better than those without on posttest items referenced to their objectives (relevant learning) and less well on items not covered (incidental learning). Findings conflict with previous research. (Author/SE)
Descriptors: College Students, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Rickards, John P.; August, Gerald J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1975
Examination was made of subject-generated as compared to experimenter-provided underlining of sentences that were least or most important to the overall structure of the passage presented. Additionally, some readers were instructed to underline any one sentence per paragraph, while others were asked simply to read the passage. (Author/BJG)
Descriptors: College Students, Higher Education, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning