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Showing 1 to 15 of 33 results Save | Export
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Rouet, Jean-François; Britt, M. Anne; Durik, Amanda M. – Educational Psychologist, 2017
We introduce RESOLV, a theoretical model to account for readers' construction and management of goals during text comprehension and use. RESOLV focuses on readers' experience of their physical, social, and communicative context prior to actually engaging with texts. RESOLV assumes that readers construct two types of mental models prior to reading:…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Reading Skills, Models, Reading Comprehension
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Rummel, Jan; Marevic, Ivan; Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Intentional forgetting of previously learned information is an adaptive cognitive capability of humans but its cognitive underpinnings are not yet well understood. It has been argued that it strongly depends on the presentation method whether forgetting instructions alter storage or retrieval stages (Basden, Basden, & Gargano, 1993). In…
Descriptors: Information Retrieval, Memory, Models, Recall (Psychology)
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Brosnan, Mark; Lewton, Marcus; Ashwin, Chris – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Dual process theory proposes two distinct reasoning processes in humans, an intuitive style that is rapid and automatic and a deliberative style that is more effortful. However, no study to date has specifically examined these reasoning styles in relation to the autism spectrum. The present studies investigated deliberative and intuitive reasoning…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Style
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Wang, Zhenlin – Cogent Education, 2015
How children understand the concepts of teaching and learning is inherently underpinned by their mental state understanding and critical to the successful transition to formal schooling. Knowledge is a private representational mental state; learning is a knowledge change process that can be either intentional or not; and teaching is an intentional…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Children, Early Childhood Education, Educational Attitudes
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Saçkes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe – Journal of Science Teacher Education, 2014
This study investigated the predictive ability of an intentional learning model in the change of preservice early childhood teachers' conceptual understanding of lunar phases. Fifty-two preservice early childhood teachers who were enrolled in an early childhood science methods course participated in the study. Results indicated that the use…
Descriptors: Prediction, Models, Change Strategies, Preservice Teachers
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Whiffen, Joshua W.; Karpicke, Jeffrey D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The episodic context account of retrieval-based learning proposes that retrieval enhances subsequent retention because people must think back to and reinstate a prior learning context. Three experiments directly tested this central assumption of the context account. Subjects studied word lists and then either restudied the words under intentional…
Descriptors: Learning, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology), Prior Learning
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Boywitt, C. Dennis; Meiser, Thorsten – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
There is converging evidence that the feeling of conscious recollection is usually accompanied by the bound retrieval of context features of the encoding episode (e.g., Meiser, Sattler, & Weiber, 2008). Recently, however, important limiting conditions have been identified for the binding between context features in memory. For example, focusing on…
Descriptors: Memory, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Stimuli
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Seamon, John G.; Bohn, Justin M.; Coddington, Inslee E.; Ebling, Maritza C.; Grund, Ethan M.; Haring, Catherine T.; Jang, Sue-Jung; Kim, Daniel; Liong, Christopher; Paley, Frances M.; Pang, Luke K.; Siddique, Ashik H. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
Research from the adaptive memory framework shows that thinking about words in terms of their survival value in an incidental learning task enhances their free recall relative to other semantic encoding strategies and intentional learning (Nairne, Pandeirada, & Thompson, 2008). We found similar results. When participants used incidental…
Descriptors: Memory, Story Telling, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Jiang, Lai; Elen, Jan – Educational Technology Research and Development, 2011
Explicitly informing students about learning goals has been argued to foster intentional learning. This study tested three theoretical hypotheses regarding the facilitating effects of learning goals by investigating 72 students' actual reading behaviour and cognitive processes (i.e., the use of learning goals). Participants studied a text…
Descriptors: Student Educational Objectives, Intentional Learning, Cognitive Processes, Reading Strategies
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Christman, Stephen D.; Butler, Michael – Brain and Cognition, 2011
The existence of handedness differences in the retrieval of episodic memories is well-documented, but virtually all have been obtained under conditions of intentional learning. Two experiments are reported that extend the presence of such handedness differences to memory retrieval under conditions of incidental learning. Experiment 1 used Craik…
Descriptors: Handedness, Intentional Learning, Incidental Learning, Recognition (Psychology)
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Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Alexander, Patricia A. – Early Education and Development, 2010
Research Findings: All human activity, beyond the simplest of reflexes or biological reactions, is a manifestation of intentions. When those intentions are directed toward changes in one's understanding or performance, they can be labeled "intentionality to learn". In this article, we overview particular premises about intentionality to learn and…
Descriptors: Activities, Intention, Cognitive Processes, Intentional Learning
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Bourner, Tom – Higher Education Review, 2009
This article is about student learning, specifically the problem of what a university can do to develop its students' powers of learning. The broad approach is to discover what we can learn from the university's long experience with developing students' critical faculties and then apply the lessons to developing students' powers of learning. The…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Cognitive Development, Student Development, Cognitive Processes
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Gagnon, Sylvain; Bedard, Marie-Josee; Turcotte, Josee – Brain and Cognition, 2005
Recent findings [Turcotte, Gagnon, & Poirier, 2005. The effect of old age on the learning of supra-span sequences. "Psychology and Aging," 20, 251-260.] indicate that incidental learning of visuo-spatial supra-span sequences through immediate serial recall declines with old age (Hebb's paradigm). In this study, we examined whether…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Age Differences, Young Adults, Intentional Learning
Doughty, Catherine J., Ed.; Long, Michael H., Ed. – 2003
This handbook provides an integrated discussion of key issues in second language acquisition (SLA). The 24 chapters include the following: (1) "The Scope of Inquiry and the Goals of SLA" (Catherine J. Doughty and Michael H. Long); (2) "On the Nature of Interlanguage Representation: Universal Grammar in the Second Language"…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Data Collection, Elementary Secondary Education, Grammar
Dunlap, Joanna C.; Grabinger, Scott – Performance Improvement Quarterly, 2003
Several instructional features facilitate the development of metacognitive and self-directed learning skills, and disposition to lifelong learning: student autonomy, responsibility, and intentionality; intrinsically motivating activities; enculturation; discourse and collaboration among learners; and reflection. Describes and presents examples of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cooperative Learning, Instructional Design, Intentional Learning
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