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Zimmerman, Barry J.; Jaffe, Arnold – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Six-and eight-year olds were exposed to a modeling sequence for cluster rule learning under high, medium, and low degrees of structure. Age differences in vicarious learning emerged only in the medium structure condition, while immediately imitating a model failed to influence learning for either age group. (Author/CP)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Imitation, Incidental Learning
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Kaplan, Robert – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1976
The effects of four objective treatments (none, before text, after text, and combined before and after text) and two types of experience (practical and experimental) were investigated for intentional and incidental learning. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Educational Objectives, High School Students, Incidental Learning
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Royer, Paula Nassif – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
Subjects received either specific or general objectives before or after the four sections of the audiotaped lecture. A control group received no objectives. Results on the use of objectives with written text showed that the before position increased intentional learning more than the after position. Incidental learning was significantly higher…
Descriptors: Audiotape Recordings, College Students, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning
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Kaplan, R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1976
The effects of requiring an overt or covert response to objectives when grouped before or interspersed throughout a text were investigated for intentional and incidental learning. In addition, two densities of specific and general objectives were investigated. (Author/BW)
Descriptors: Covert Response, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Kaplan, Robert – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1974
The primary finding of this study was that performance increments found with whole presentations of instructional objectives could be achieved with part presentation of objectives and text. In fact, the part presentations resulted in ever greater intentional learning than whole presentations. (Author/BJG)
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, High Schools, Incidental Learning, Instruction
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Sagaria, Sabato D.; Di Vesta, Francis J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1978
One hundred-fifty subjects studied a passage with questions interspersed at different locations. Total level of acquisition was highest in treatments involving postquestions and no questions. The results were attributed to the influence of adjunct questions on learner expectations that affect the selective processing of information. (Author/JAC)
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Cues, Higher Education, Incidental Learning
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Duchastel, Philippe C.; Brown, Bobby R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1974
College students received either one half of the objectives for a certain test or no objectives at all. The subjects with objectives performed better than those without on posttest items referenced to their objectives (relevant learning) and less well on items not covered (incidental learning). Findings conflict with previous research. (Author/SE)
Descriptors: College Students, Educational Objectives, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning
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Kaplan, Robert; Simmons, Francine G. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1974
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning, Objectives, Predictive Measurement
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Rieber, Lloyd P. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1991
Effects of animated graphics presentations on incidental learning and the degree to which various computer practice activities contain intrinsically motivating characteristics were studied with 70 fourth graders learning about Newton's laws of motion. Incidental learning occurred without sacrifice of intentional learning. Students were highly…
Descriptors: Animation, Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Shavelson, Richard J.; And Others – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1974
Descriptors: Aptitude, Incidental Learning, Individual Differences, Instructional Materials
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Wolk, Stephen; DuCette, Joseph – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1974
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Incidental Learning
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Rothkopf, E. Z.; Kaplan R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1972
Experiment was an attempt to explore the use of instructional objectives as directions that describe the relevant instructional content in written discourse to subjects. (Authors)
Descriptors: Comprehension, Direction Writing, Incidental Learning, Instruction
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Swinton, Spencer S.; Powers, Donald E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1983
A special preparation curriculum for the analytical section of the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) Aptitude Test was developed and administered to self-selected GRE candidates. Analyses revealed an effect that stemmed from improved performance on two of the three analytical item types formerly included in the analytical section. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Higher Education, Intentional Learning, Predictive Measurement
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Dean, Raymond S.; Kulhavy, Raymond W. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1981
In two experiments, undergraduates did/did not create a maplike representation while learning a passage, and were either forced to study the map, instructed to study, or given no map prior to reading. Free-recall data showed that forced map study benefited learners with low vocabulary scores. (Author/GK)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Intentional Learning, Learning Processes, Prose
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Rickards, John P.; August, Gerald J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1975
Examination was made of subject-generated as compared to experimenter-provided underlining of sentences that were least or most important to the overall structure of the passage presented. Additionally, some readers were instructed to underline any one sentence per paragraph, while others were asked simply to read the passage. (Author/BJG)
Descriptors: College Students, Higher Education, Incidental Learning, Intentional Learning