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Rummel, Jan; Marevic, Ivan; Kuhlmann, Beatrice G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Intentional forgetting of previously learned information is an adaptive cognitive capability of humans but its cognitive underpinnings are not yet well understood. It has been argued that it strongly depends on the presentation method whether forgetting instructions alter storage or retrieval stages (Basden, Basden, & Gargano, 1993). In…
Descriptors: Information Retrieval, Memory, Models, Recall (Psychology)
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Oettingen, Gabriele; Honig, Gaby; Gollwitzer, Peter M. – International Journal of Educational Research, 2000
Analyzed self-regulatory strategies of goal setting and goal striving in 3 experiments involving 55 German middle school students, 20 German young adults, and 39 German college students. Results show that contrasting fantasy about a desired future with present reality and forming implementation intentions are effective self-regulatory strategies…
Descriptors: College Students, Educational Objectives, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries