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Germain, Claude; Lightbown, Patsy; Netten, Joan; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2004
This article provides a historical overview and comparison of intensive English (IE) and intensive French (IF) programs in Canada. Comparisons are made in terms of the total time allotted to the intensive period, the selection of students, the number and types of schools offering the programs, the models of delivery, and the type of pedagogy and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, French, English (Second Language)
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Language Awareness, 2000
Reports on a study that examined the extent to which learners can make explicit first language rules that appear to influence their second language performance. The learners were 11- and 12-year-old francophone students learning English in intensive communicative English-as-a-Second-Language classes in Quebec. (Author/VWL)
Descriptors: Communicative Competence (Languages), English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French Canadians
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1990
Investigation of the developing oral English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) skills of native French speaking elementary students in a five-month intensive ESL course found that teachers' use of form-focused instruction and corrective feedback influenced students' correct use of "-ing" structures and adjective-noun order. (47 references) (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Feedback