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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 1990
Investigation of the developing oral English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) skills of native French speaking elementary students in a five-month intensive ESL course found that teachers' use of form-focused instruction and corrective feedback influenced students' correct use of "-ing" structures and adjective-noun order. (47 references) (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Feedback
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – TESOL Quarterly, 1994
This article describes the context and conditions of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs in Quebec's French-language schools and reports on several studies of the intensive ESL classes used in some elementary schools. Research on these programs demonstrates their effectiveness in fostering English language skills and positive attitudes…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1991
A study compared the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) performance of secondary school students who had participated in intensive ESL instruction in grade five or six and those following regular ESL instruction in elementary school. Students with early instruction maintained the English language superiority acquired during the program. (eight…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, English (Second Language)