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Germain, Claude; Lightbown, Patsy; Netten, Joan; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 2004
This article provides a historical overview and comparison of intensive English (IE) and intensive French (IF) programs in Canada. Comparisons are made in terms of the total time allotted to the intensive period, the selection of students, the number and types of schools offering the programs, the models of delivery, and the type of pedagogy and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, French, English (Second Language)
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Lightbown, Patsy M.; Spada, Nina – Canadian Modern Language Review, 1991
A study compared the English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) performance of secondary school students who had participated in intensive ESL instruction in grade five or six and those following regular ESL instruction in elementary school. Students with early instruction maintained the English language superiority acquired during the program. (eight…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, English (Second Language)
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Spada, Nina; Lightbown, Patsy M. – TESL Canada Journal, 1989
Reports on a study designed to investigate the second language development of francophone children in an experimental intensive English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program in Quebec. Results indicated that subjects outperformed students in regular ESL programs on listening and reading comprehension tests and in oral fluency and had more positive…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, French