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Sims, Darcey M.; Lonigan, Christopher J. – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2013
Although extant studies indicate that there is a strong association between attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading ability in elementary school children, knowledge regarding the relation between inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors and emergent literacy in preschool children is less established. This study examined the…
Descriptors: Attention, Hyperactivity, Emergent Literacy, Conceptual Tempo
Sims, Darcey M.; Purpura, David J.; Lonigan, Christopher J. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Objective: Despite strong evidence that inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors are associated with mathematical difficulties in school-age children, little research has been conducted to examine the link between these constructs before the start of formal education. The purpose of this study was to examine how different manifestations of…
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Correlation, Preschool Children, Mathematics Skills
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Egeland, Jens; Kovalik-Gran, Iwona – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2010
Objective: A previous factor analysis of the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CCPT) indicates that the test measures 5 sub-functions of attention, namely "focused attention," "hyperactivity/impulsivity," "sustained attention," "vigilance," and "change in control." The present study further…
Descriptors: Schizophrenia, Language Impairments, Performance Tests, Hyperactivity
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Cohen, Andrew L.; Shapiro, Steven K. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2007
Objective: To examine the ability of the flicker task to demonstrate greater utility in discriminating performance in young adults with and without ADHD compared to the Conners' CPT (CCPT). Method: Flicker task and CCPT performance were compared between an ADHD (n = 28) and control (n = 30) group of college students. Results: This study replicated…
Descriptors: Performance Tests, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Rating Scales
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Martel, Michelle M.; Lucia, Victoria C.; Nigg, Joel T.; Breslau, Naomi – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2007
Inattention/hyperactivity is a childhood outcome of low birth weight. However, the mechanisms by which low birth weight leads to inattention/hyperactivity are unclear. This study examined arousal, activation, motor speed, and motor coordination as possible mechanisms, attending to sex differences. 823 children (400 males) from Detroit and…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Check Lists, Hyperactivity, Body Weight
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Heiser, Philip; Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Monika; Frey, Joachim; Smidt, Judith; Grabarkiewicz, Justyna; Friedel, Susann; Kuhnau, Wolfgang; Schmidtke, Jorg; Remschmidt, Helmut; Hebebrand, Johannes – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2006
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess heritability of activity, attention, and impulsivity by comparing young monozygotic (MZ) twins with dizygotic (DZ) twins using objective measures. Method: The OPTAx test is an infrared motion analysis to record the movement pattern during a continuous performance test. Seventeen MZ and 12 same…
Descriptors: Conceptual Tempo, Twins, Behavior Problems, Performance Tests
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Thompson, Laetitia L.; Whitmore, Elizabeth A.; Raymond, Kristen M.; Crowley, Thomas J. – Assessment, 2006
Adolescents with substance use and conduct disorders have high rates of aggression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), all of which have been characterized in part by impulsivity. Developing measures that capture impulsivity behaviorally and correlate with self-reported impulsivity has been difficult. One promising behavioral…
Descriptors: Memory, Adolescents, Hyperactivity, Conceptual Tempo
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Avila, Cesar; Cuenca, Isabel; Felix, Vicente; Parcet, Maria-Antonia; Miranda, Ana – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2004
Seven different laboratory measures of impulsivity were administered to a group of 165 school-aged boys. Parents' and teachers' ratings of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder and Oppositional/Defiant Disorder were also obtained. Factor analyses of impulsivity measures revealed the existence of a strong Inhibitory Control Factor including…
Descriptors: Performance Tests, Males, Hyperactivity, Conceptual Tempo
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McGee, R.; Brodeur, D.; Symons, D.; Andrade, B.; Fahie, C. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2004
This study used a double-dissociation design to evaluate whether children with ADHD demonstrated specific deficits relative to children with Reading Disorders. Recent theory suggests that ADHD children have deficits in time perception and working memory, whereas RD children have deficits in phonological decoding. The performance of 113…
Descriptors: Memory, Interaction, Time Management, Performance Tests
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Szobot, C. M.; Ketzer, C.; Parente, M. A.; Biederman, J.; Rohde, L. A. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2004
Objective: To evaluate the acute efficacy of methylphenidate (MPH) in Brazilian male children and adolescents with ADHD. Method: In a 4-day, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, fix dose escalating, parallel-group trial, 36 ADHD children and adolescents were allocated to two groups: MPH (n = 19) and placebo (n = 17). Participants were…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Rating Scales, Adolescents, Drug Therapy
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Weis, Robert; Totten, Sara J. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2004
The ecological validity of the Conners' Continuous Performance Test II (CPT-II) was examined using a sample of 206 first- and second-grade children. Children's CPT-II scores were correlated with observations of inattentive/hyperactive behavior during CPT-II administration, observations of children's behavior during analogue academic task,…
Descriptors: Performance Tests, Validity, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Chae, Paul Kyuman – Psychology in the Schools, 1999
The Test of Variable Attention (TOVA), widely used in the assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, was studied along with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children III (WISC-III). Explores whether the TOVA is a measure of psychomotor speed function rather than sustained attention. Results indicated that there was no correlation…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Behavior Disorders, Behavioral Science Research, Elementary Secondary Education
Raggio, Donald J.; Whitten, Janice M. – 1994
The Raggio Evaluation of Attention Deficit Disorder (READD) is an objective measure for the diagnosis and management of attention deficit disorder (ADD) in children. Extensive research has been conducted on its clinical and psychometric properties, as described in Chapter 3, "Development and Standardization." The READD is a microcomputer…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Behavior Disorders, Children, Clinical Diagnosis