ERIC Number: EJ747975
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-May
Adaptive and Maladaptive Behavior in Children with Smith-Magenis Syndrome
Martin, Staci C.; Wolters, Pamela L.; Smith, Ann C. M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v36 n4 p541-552 May 2006
Children with Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS) exhibit deficits in adaptive behavior but systematic studies using objective measures are lacking. This descriptive study assessed adaptive functioning in 19 children with SMS using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS). Maladaptive behavior was examined through parent questionnaires and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Cognitive functioning was evaluated with an age-appropriate test. Children scored below average on VABS Communication, Daily Living Skills, and Socialization scales. Learning problems and hyperactivity scales on the Conner's Parent Rating Scale were elevated, and girls were more impulsive than boys. Stereotypic and self-injurious behaviors were present in all children. Cognitive functioning was delayed and consistent with communication and daily living skills, while socialization scores were higher than IQ.
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Children, Daily Living Skills, Socialization, Intelligence Quotient, Gender Differences, Adjustment (to Environment), Questionnaires, Child Behavior, Hyperactivity, Behavior Rating Scales, Autism, Parent Attitudes, Learning Problems, Exceptional Child Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Conners Rating Scales; Childhood Autism Rating Scale; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales