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Pollack, Brittany; DuPaul, George J.; Weysandt, Lisa L.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D. – Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 2018
Young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are more likely than their peers to engage in risk-taking behaviors, including harmful alcohol use, consumption of illicit drugs, and risky sexual behaviors. These behaviors become more common in the general population of young adults as they enter college, particularly for…
Descriptors: Group Membership, Risk, Health Behavior, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Hocking, Darren R.; Thomas, Daniel; Menant, Jasmine C.; Porter, Melanie A.; Smith, Stuart; Lord, Stephen R.; Cornish, Kim M. – Developmental Science, 2013
Previous studies suggest that individuals with Williams syndrome (WS), a rare genetically based neurodevelopmental disorder, show specific weaknesses in visual attention and response inhibition within the visuospatial domain. Here we examine the extent to which impairments in attentional control extend to the visuomotor domain using a…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Genetic Disorders, Inhibition, Control Groups
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Gerdes, Alyson C.; Lawton, Kathryn E.; Haack, Lauren M.; Hurtado, Gabriela Dieguez – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2013
Objective: In an effort to combat the mental health disparities that exist among Latinos, the current study aimed to add to our knowledge related to culturally appropriate assessments for Latino children presenting with ADHD. Method: As part of a larger study, a community sample of 68 Spanish-speaking, Latino parents completed the Spanish…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Disability Identification, Psychometrics
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McKinney, Ashley A.; Canu, Will H.; Schneider, H. G. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2013
Objective: ADHD has been linked to various constructs, yet there is a lack of focus on how its symptom clusters differentially associate with personality, which this study addresses. Method: The current study examines the relationship between impulsive and inattentive ADHD traits and personality, indexed by the Revised NEO Personality Inventory…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Correlation, Conceptual Tempo, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Rinn, Anne N.; Reynolds, Marilyn J. – Roeper Review, 2012
Gifted children and adolescents can display behavioral characteristics similar to those exhibited by children and adolescents who have been diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), leading to potential issues with misdiagnosis. The overlapping characteristics between giftedness and ADHD are often seen as anecdotal or to only…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Adolescents, Children, Student Behavior
Gaden, Gregory G. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a year-long, same school classroom social skills instruction program on students' with verified Emotional Behavior Disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorders, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders perceptions of program effectiveness. This study indicated that youth can demonstrate…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Interpersonal Competence, Social Development, Behavior Disorders
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Goldberg, Lynette R.; Heiss, Cynthia J.; White, Letitia; Kaf, Wafaa A.; Becker, Alan; Schindler, Jessica B.; Dion, Nancy; Oswalt, Jill – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2010
Methamphetamine (meth) exposure during fetal development has the potential to adversely affect the development of multiple organ systems. An interdisciplinary case study of a 4-year 11-month-old child born to a mother addicted to meth revealed significant cognitive and communicative delays. Possible meth-related consequences for these delays…
Descriptors: Diseases, Hyperactivity, Children, Case Studies
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Soreni, Noam; Crosbie, Jennifer; Ickowicz, Abel; Schachar, Russell – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2009
Objective: To measure test-retest reliability of the Stop-Signal Task (SST) and the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CPT) in children with ADHD. Methods: 12 children with ADHD (age 11.46 plus or minus 1.66) participated in the study. Primary outcome measures were stop-signal reaction time (SSRT) for the SST and CPT's commission errors (%FP).…
Descriptors: Intervals, Reaction Time, Performance Tests, Attention Deficit Disorders
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Brown, Thomas E. – Educational Leadership, 2007
A recent study conducted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control estimated that approximately 7.8 percent of U.S. children ages 4-17 are currently diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). For decades, most educators, physicians, psychologists, and parents have thought of ADD/ADHD as…
Descriptors: Psychologists, Physicians, Disease Control, Behavior Problems
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Pierrehumbert, Blaise; Bader, Michel; Thevoz, Sara; Kinal, Anna; Halfon, Olivier – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2006
Objective: The sensitivity and tolerance regarding ADHD symptoms obviously differ from one culture to another and according to the informants (parents, teachers, or children). This stimulates the comparison of data across informants and countries. Method: Parents and teachers of more than 1,000 school-aged Swiss children (5 to 17 years old) fill…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Psychiatry
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Niederhofer, Helmut; Pittschieler, Klaus – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2006
Objective: Several studies report a possible association of celiac disease (CD) with psychiatric and psychological disturbances, such as ADHD. Method: The authors assess 132 participants from 3 to 57 years of age (M = 19.3 years) affected by CD for the possibility of an associated ADHD-like symptomatology, using the Conner Scale Hypescheme, a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Rating Scales, Dietetics
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Epstein, Jeffery N.; Kollins, Scott H. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2006
Although research has been conducted to support the psychometric properties of rating scales used to assess ADHD in adults, little work has been published examining semi-structured interviews to assess ADHD in adults. The present study examined the test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of the Conners Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for…
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Test Validity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Rating Scales
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Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Tsai, Wen-Che – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2006
Objective: This article examines the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Conners' Parent and Teacher Rating Scales-Revised: Short Forms (CPRS-R:S-C and CTRS-R:S-C) in a representative sample of 2,584 first to ninth graders in Taipei and 479 clinical participants (274 with ADHD). Method: The instruments include the CPRS-R:S-C,…
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Test Validity, Factor Structure, Rating Scales
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Martin, Staci C.; Wolters, Pamela L.; Smith, Ann C. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006
Children with Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS) exhibit deficits in adaptive behavior but systematic studies using objective measures are lacking. This descriptive study assessed adaptive functioning in 19 children with SMS using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS). Maladaptive behavior was examined through parent questionnaires and the…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Children, Daily Living Skills, Socialization
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Rucklidge, Julia J. – International Journal of Disability, Development & Education, 2006
Only recently have studies included a female Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) sample when investigating neurocognitive functioning of individuals with ADHD. As such, the generalisability of findings of impaired executive functioning is limited to ADHD males. This study compared four groups aged 13-17 years: 30 male controls, 35…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Neuropsychology, Adolescents
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