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Singh, Leher; Tan, Annabel R. Y. – Developmental Psychology, 2021
A significant body of literature has demonstrated that infants demonstrate a decline in sensitivity to nonnative sound contrasts by their first birthday, a transition often thought to be adaptive for later word learning. The present study investigated infants' sensitivity to these contrasts in a habituation-based discrimination and word learning…
Descriptors: Infants, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Foreign Countries
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Sato, Misato; Álvarez, Beatriz; Mizunami, Makoto – Learning & Memory, 2021
The effect of repetitive training on learned behavior has been an important subject in neuroscience. In instrumental conditioning in mammals, learned action early in training is often goal-driven and controlled by outcome expectancy, but as training progresses, it becomes more habitual and insensitive to outcome devaluation. Similarly, we recently…
Descriptors: Training, Repetition, Conditioning, Entomology
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Gandhi, Tapan K.; Tsourides, Kleovoulos; Singhal, Nidhi; Cardinaux, Annie; Jamal, Wasifa; Pantazis, Dimitrios; Kjelgaard, Margaret; Sinha, Pawan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
It is estimated that nearly 90% of children on the autism spectrum exhibit sensory atypicalities. What aspects of sensory processing are affected in autism? Although sensory processing can be studied along multiple dimensions, two of the most basic ones involve examining instantaneous sensory responses and how the responses change over time. These…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Nada, Hana Naqiyya; Fajarningsih, Rhina Uchyan; Astirin, Okid Parama – Journal of Biological Education Indonesia (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 2021
Environmental education provides opportunities to instill character education for adolescents in globalization era. However, positive effects of environmental education on character building are rarely studied. This study aimed at analyzing the effect of environmental education on character building of school members. This study used descriptive…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Values Education, Global Approach, Junior High School Students
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Paddock, Caroline – Journal of Philosophy of Education, 2021
I argue that Rawlsian liberals should consider cardinal virtue habituation as a legitimate form of moral education and citizenship education in publicly funded schools. In "Political Liberalism," Rawls acknowledges that a liberal government can and should promote certain virtues or traits of moral character in citizens, but only those…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Values Education, Citizenship Education, Habituation
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Höhle, Barbara; Fritzsche, Tom; Meß, Katharina; Philipp, Mareike; Gafos, Adamantios – Developmental Science, 2020
Seminal work by Werker and colleagues (Stager & Werker [1997] "Nature," 388, 381-382) has found that 14-month-old infants do not show evidence for learning minimal pairs in the habituation-switch paradigm. However, when multiple speakers produce the minimal pair in acoustically variable ways, infants' performance improves in…
Descriptors: Infants, Vocabulary Development, Phonetics, Habituation
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Judd, Jessica M.; Smith, Elliot A.; Kim, Jinah; Shah, Vrishti; Sanabria, Federico; Conrad, Cheryl D. – Learning & Memory, 2020
Chronic stress typically leads to deficits in fear extinction when tested soon after chronic stress ends. Given the importance of extinction in updating fear memories, the current study examined whether fear extinction was impaired in rats that were chronically stressed and then given a break from the end of chronic stress to the start of fear…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Fear, Memory, Cues
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Ruiz-Martínez, Francisco J.; Rodríguez-Martínez, Elena I.; Wilson, C. Ellie; Yau, Shu; Saldaña, David; Gómez, Carlos M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Passive testing of auditory function is an important objective in individuals with ASD due to known difficulties in understanding and/or following task instructions. In present study the habituation to standard tones following deviants and the auditory discriminative processes were examined in two conditions: electronic and human sounds, in a…
Descriptors: Habituation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Auditory Discrimination
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Thorburn, Malcolm – Educational Research, 2020
Background: Reflecting increased cross-disciplinary interest in the significance of the body in education, this paper considers that a greater appreciation of John Dewey's conceptualisations of experience and habit would benefit contemporary theory- and practice-related concerns. Sources of evidence and main argument: The paper draws upon…
Descriptors: Experience, Behavior Patterns, Human Body, Philosophy
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Setyaningsih, Endang – International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 2020
Current trend in education has acknowledged the urgency to move students from the role of traditional receiver and echoer of information to the role of critical listener, speaker, reader, and writer. In so doing, the students need to embrace the role of text analysts who continuously question texts that they encounter. This study looked for…
Descriptors: Student Role, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Ruba, Ashley L.; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Repacholi, Betty M. – Developmental Psychology, 2020
Accurate perception of emotional (facial) expressions is an essential social skill. It is currently debated whether emotion categorization in infancy emerges in a "broad-to-narrow" pattern and the degree to which language influences this process. We used an habituation paradigm to explore (a) whether 14- and 18-month-old infants perceive…
Descriptors: Infants, Nonverbal Communication, Emotional Response, Toddlers
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Amaya, Kenneth A.; Stott, Jeffrey J.; Smith, Kyle S. – Learning & Memory, 2020
Motivationally attractive cues can draw in behavior in a phenomenon termed incentive salience. Incentive cue attraction is an important model for animal models of drug seeking and relapse. One question of interest is the extent to which the pursuit of motivationally attractive cues is related to the value of the paired outcome or can become…
Descriptors: Cues, Habituation, Motivation Techniques, Incentives
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Main, Kelley J.; Aghakhani, Hamed; Labroo, Aparna A.; Greidanus, Nathan S. – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2020
Across three experiments, we show that a change in the levels of physical activity increases creative thinking, whereas inactivity or repetitive activity lowers it. Participants walking forward were more creative the first few minutes of initiating physical activity than those sitting, or those merely watching changing scenery, and these effects…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Creative Thinking, Repetition, Creativity
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Ethridge, Lauren; Thaliath, Andrew; Kraff, Jeremy; Nijhawan, Karan; Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Auditory processing abnormalities in fragile X syndrome (FXS) may contribute to difficulties with language development, pattern identification, and contextual updating. Participants with FXS (N = 41) and controls (N = 27) underwent auditory event-related potentials during presentation of an oddball paradigm. Data was adequate for analysis for 33…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Cognitive Processes, Neurological Impairments, Genetic Disorders
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Muslimin; Putri, Ratu Ilma Indra; Zulkardi; Aisyah, Nyimas – Journal on Mathematics Education, 2020
Mathematical learning not only produces students who succeed in mathematical and procedural calculations but also develops religious thinking. Realistic mathematics education with the context of Islamic values makes students can imagine, which is one of the right ways to develop the skills of students' creativity, collaboration, and communication.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Islam, Social Values, Religious Factors
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