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O'Neill, Michael – Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 2019
The UK's HE system is mired in public debate around 'grade inflation', and there is substantial pressure to address the perceived devaluation of degrees through blunt policy measures such as modifying classification algorithms. Policy-makers should be aware of the impact of their actions upon students' learning; this article frames some of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Academic Degrees, Classification
Soiferman, L. Karen – Online Submission, 2018
The purpose of this article was to look at some of the issues students have with reading and interpreting their instructors' post-secondary writing prompts. Every student, who attends a post-secondary institution, will at some point in their university/college career be asked to submit a writing assignment of some kind. The most common assignment…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Writing Instruction, Writing Assignments, Prompting
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Robbins, Joy; Firth, Amanda; Evans, Maria – Practitioner Research in Higher Education, 2018
Work based assessment (WBA) is a common but contentious practice increasingly used to grade university students on professional degrees. A key issue in WBA is the potentially low assessment literacy of the assessors, which can lead to a host of unintended results, including grade inflation. We identified grade inflation in the WBA of the clinical…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Weighted Scores, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Research
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Millet, Ido – Studies in Higher Education, 2018
Grading reliability for a class can be measured as the correlation between the students' grade point average (GPA) and the grades they received in that class. Grading leniency can be measured as the difference between the average grade for the class and the students' average GPA. Data from more than fifty-thousand course sections show that lenient…
Descriptors: Grading, Grade Inflation, Reliability, Grade Point Average
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Chowdhury, Faieza – Journal of Education and Learning, 2018
Academic institutions worldwide, from primary schools to universities, use grades or marks as a fundamental sorting and signaling mechanism for students. The grades awarded to students should be indicative of learning outcomes. However, do the grades awarded today accurately reflect student achievement in the classroom? Grade inflation has become…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Student Evaluation, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Attitudes
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Galbraith, Diane; Mondal, Sunita – Research in Higher Education Journal, 2018
Research is available on the graduation rates among primarily on-line institutions and traditional universities, but not much on the effect of on-line classes within a university setting. According to Pew Research Center surveys conducted in spring 2011, 89% of four-year public colleges and universities offered online classes, and 46% of recent…
Descriptors: Graduation Rate, Online Courses, Universities, Business Schools
Lycette, Lisa L. – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This qualitative study examines nursing faculty perceptions related to the use of collaborative testing in nursing education. Collaborative testing, also called group testing or team testing provides opportunities for cooperative learning as students work in groups discussing test questions and choosing answers. Research identifies increased…
Descriptors: Nursing Education, College Faculty, Teacher Attitudes, Group Testing
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Kimmel, Krista M.; Fairchild, Jennifer L. – Journal of Effective Teaching, 2017
Part-time faculty now account for more than half of all faculty in American colleges and universities. Existing scholarship primarily has focused on the teaching effectiveness of part-time faculty. In this exploratory study, the authors employ a qualitative approach to examine the perspectives of part-time faculty members at a public, regional…
Descriptors: Part Time Faculty, Teacher Effectiveness, Nontenured Faculty, College Faculty
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Chen, Chi Yuan; Wang, Shu-Yin; Yang, Yi-Fang – International Journal of Higher Education, 2017
The purpose of the study is to explore the influence of teaching evaluations on teachers in that they might try to please their students by giving higher grades in order to get higher teaching evaluation scores. To achieve this purpose, the study analyzed the correlations between teaching evaluation scores, student's final grades and course fail…
Descriptors: Correlation, Teacher Evaluation, Scores, Academic Achievement
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Fuller, Rhema D.; Lawrence, S. Malia; Harrison, C. Keith; Eyanson, Jeff; Osika, Lauren – American Secondary Education, 2017
The purpose of the study reported in this article was to investigate high school teachers' perceptions of special privilege given to student-athletes. Additionally, researchers sought to explore teachers' perceptions as to why these privileges exist and who controls them. Qualitative data were collected from the teaching staff (N = 40) at one high…
Descriptors: High School Students, Athletes, Teacher Attitudes, Athletic Coaches
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Bachan, Ray – Studies in Higher Education, 2017
This paper examines the continual increase in the proportion of "good" honour degrees awarded by UK universities since the mid-2000s. This trend has brought with it the charge of "grade inflation" that may reflect falling standards in UK higher education. This issue has been raised in the national press and in government which…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Grade Inflation, Undergraduate Students
Levinson, Meira, Ed.; Fay, Jacob, Ed. – Harvard Education Press, 2016
Educators and policy makers confront challenging questions of ethics, justice, and equity on a regular basis. Should teachers retain a struggling student if it means she will most certainly drop out? Should an assignment plan favor middle-class families if it means strengthening the school system for all? These everyday dilemmas are both utterly…
Descriptors: Ethics, Justice, Equal Education, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Tampieri, Alessandro – Education Economics, 2016
This paper proposes a theory on how students' social background affects their school attainment and job opportunities. I study a set-up where students differ in ability and social background, and I analyse the interaction between a school and an employer. Students with disadvantaged background are penalised compared to other students: they receive…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Background, Educational Opportunities, Employment Opportunities, Educational Attainment
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Lok, Beatrice; McNaught, Carmel; Young, Kenneth – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2016
The tension between criterion-referenced and norm-referenced assessment is examined in the context of curriculum planning and assessment in outcomes-based approaches to higher education. This paper argues the importance of a criterion-referenced assessment approach once an outcomes-based approach has been adopted. It further discusses the…
Descriptors: Criterion Referenced Tests, Norm Referenced Tests, Outcome Based Education, Higher Education
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Kostal, Jack W.; Kuncel, Nathan R.; Sackett, Paul R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
Grade inflation threatens the integrity of college grades as indicators of academic achievement. In this study, we contribute to the literature on grade inflation by providing the first estimate of the size of grade increases at the student level between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s. By controlling for student characteristics and course-taking…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Grades (Scholastic), Achievement Gains, Achievement Rating
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