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Robbins, Joy; Firth, Amanda; Evans, Maria – Practitioner Research in Higher Education, 2018
Work based assessment (WBA) is a common but contentious practice increasingly used to grade university students on professional degrees. A key issue in WBA is the potentially low assessment literacy of the assessors, which can lead to a host of unintended results, including grade inflation. We identified grade inflation in the WBA of the clinical…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Weighted Scores, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Research
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Kimmel, Krista M.; Fairchild, Jennifer L. – Journal of Effective Teaching, 2017
Part-time faculty now account for more than half of all faculty in American colleges and universities. Existing scholarship primarily has focused on the teaching effectiveness of part-time faculty. In this exploratory study, the authors employ a qualitative approach to examine the perspectives of part-time faculty members at a public, regional…
Descriptors: Part Time Faculty, Teacher Effectiveness, Nontenured Faculty, College Faculty
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Chen, Chi Yuan; Wang, Shu-Yin; Yang, Yi-Fang – International Journal of Higher Education, 2017
The purpose of the study is to explore the influence of teaching evaluations on teachers in that they might try to please their students by giving higher grades in order to get higher teaching evaluation scores. To achieve this purpose, the study analyzed the correlations between teaching evaluation scores, student's final grades and course fail…
Descriptors: Correlation, Teacher Evaluation, Scores, Academic Achievement
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Fuller, Rhema D.; Lawrence, S. Malia; Harrison, C. Keith; Eyanson, Jeff; Osika, Lauren – American Secondary Education, 2017
The purpose of the study reported in this article was to investigate high school teachers' perceptions of special privilege given to student-athletes. Additionally, researchers sought to explore teachers' perceptions as to why these privileges exist and who controls them. Qualitative data were collected from the teaching staff (N = 40) at one high…
Descriptors: High School Students, Athletes, Teacher Attitudes, Athletic Coaches
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Bachan, Ray – Studies in Higher Education, 2017
This paper examines the continual increase in the proportion of "good" honour degrees awarded by UK universities since the mid-2000s. This trend has brought with it the charge of "grade inflation" that may reflect falling standards in UK higher education. This issue has been raised in the national press and in government which…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Grade Inflation, Undergraduate Students
Levinson, Meira, Ed.; Fay, Jacob, Ed. – Harvard Education Press, 2016
Educators and policy makers confront challenging questions of ethics, justice, and equity on a regular basis. Should teachers retain a struggling student if it means she will most certainly drop out? Should an assignment plan favor middle-class families if it means strengthening the school system for all? These everyday dilemmas are both utterly…
Descriptors: Ethics, Justice, Equal Education, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Tampieri, Alessandro – Education Economics, 2016
This paper proposes a theory on how students' social background affects their school attainment and job opportunities. I study a set-up where students differ in ability and social background, and I analyse the interaction between a school and an employer. Students with disadvantaged background are penalised compared to other students: they receive…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Background, Educational Opportunities, Employment Opportunities, Educational Attainment
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Lok, Beatrice; McNaught, Carmel; Young, Kenneth – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2016
The tension between criterion-referenced and norm-referenced assessment is examined in the context of curriculum planning and assessment in outcomes-based approaches to higher education. This paper argues the importance of a criterion-referenced assessment approach once an outcomes-based approach has been adopted. It further discusses the…
Descriptors: Criterion Referenced Tests, Norm Referenced Tests, Outcome Based Education, Higher Education
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Kostal, Jack W.; Kuncel, Nathan R.; Sackett, Paul R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
Grade inflation threatens the integrity of college grades as indicators of academic achievement. In this study, we contribute to the literature on grade inflation by providing the first estimate of the size of grade increases at the student level between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s. By controlling for student characteristics and course-taking…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Grades (Scholastic), Achievement Gains, Achievement Rating
Schroeder, Nan – ProQuest LLC, 2016
The research area of this study is the phenomenon of grade inflation in higher educational organizations. Using a qualitative phenomenological research design, seven faculty members from a higher educational organization were purposefully selected to participate in a semi-structured, face-to-face interview. The participants were of various ages,…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Higher Education, Qualitative Research, Phenomenology
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Lindahl, Erica – Education Economics, 2016
This study investigates if the probability of being graded up in the school leaving certificates increases if the teacher is of the same gender as the student or if the teacher and the student both have a foreign background. The analysis is based on data on grade 9 students in Mathematics from Sweden. I find that female students and non-native…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evidence, Teacher Student Relationship, Grade 9
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Koretz, Daniel; Jennings, Jennifer L.; Ng, Hui Leng; Yu, Carol; Braslow, David; Langi, Meredith – Educational Assessment, 2016
Test-based accountability often produces score inflation. Most studies have evaluated inflation by comparing trends on a high-stakes test and a lower stakes audit test. However, Koretz and Beguin (2010) noted weaknesses of audit tests and suggested self-monitoring assessments (SMAs), which incorporate audit items into high-stakes tests. This…
Descriptors: Audits (Verification), Scores, Grade Inflation, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
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Neves, Tiago; Ferraz, Hélder; Nata, Gil – International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2016
Access to higher education is affected by inequalities worldwide. Here we present a longitudinal study based on large databases of scores in upper secondary education and access to higher education in Portugal. Our findings show how access to higher education builds on and reinforces social inequalities: (1) private, fee-paying secondary schools…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Private Schools, Social Bias, Access to Education
Beck, Debbie – ProQuest LLC, 2016
Faculty members are often evaluated primarily on the results of student end-of-course surveys (SEOCSs) for promotion, teaching contract renewals, and offers of teaching assignments. Consequently, SEOCSs have become a primary focus in faculty evaluations. Rigor in a course and the assignment of grades associated with assessments can be a source of…
Descriptors: Nursing Education, College Faculty, Undergraduate Study, Interviews
Dee, Thomas S.; Dobbie, Will; Jacob, Brian A.; Rockoff, Jonah – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2016
In this paper, we show that the design and decentralized, school-based scoring of New York's high school exit exams--the Regents Examinations--led to the systematic manipulation of test sores just below important proficiency cutoffs. Our estimates suggest that teachers inflate approximately 40 percent of test scores near the proficiency cutoffs.…
Descriptors: High Schools, Exit Examinations, Scores, Grade Inflation
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